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Pictures Versus the World par Barbie Zelizer, publié le 24/01/2014
For as long as pictures have been among us, they have generated an uneasy mix of suspicion and awe. Perhaps nowhere is that as much the case as with journalism, where pictures are implicated in the larger truth-claims associated with the news. Aligned with a certain version of modernity, pictures are expected to establish and maintain journalism as the legitimate platform for giving shape to events of the real world. Consider how public response to acts of terror, war and natural disaster is affected by decisions not to depict them. Without pictures to show the news, journalism’s capacity to render the real and make it accessible is compromised.
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Susan Neiman on heroism par Susan Neiman, Clifford Armion, publié le 20/01/2014
I think we’re very confused about the subject of heroism. I began to get interested in the subject when I realised that we are actually at a historical cesure since the end of the Second World War. It used to be the case although there were many different conceptions of heroism. It used to be unquestioned that everyone wanted to be a hero, and everybody wanted to be a better hero than the next person. What has happened in the last fifty years or so is that the notion of the hero has in many ways been replaced by the notion of the victim.
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Much Ado About Nothing (Joss Whedon) par Clifford Armion, publié le 20/01/2014
En adaptant cette comédie de Shakespeare, Joss Whedon marche dans les pas de l’illustre Kenneth Branagh qui avait fait de Much Ado un film remarqué en 1993. Le pari pouvait sembler ambitieux, même prétentieux, et pourtant le résultat est une comédie de mœurs toute en finesse qui respecte et met en valeur l’œuvre du dramaturge élisabéthain.
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Minorities and democracy par Siddhartha Deb, publié le 17/01/2014
In 1916, the Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore delivered a series of lectures that would eventually be collected into the book, Nationalism. Tagore was writing in the glow of his own celebrity (he had just won the Nobel Prize for literature) and from within the heart of the crisis engulfing the modern world, two years into the slow, grim war that had converted Europe into a labyrinth of trenches covered over with clouds of poison gas. For Tagore, this was the tragic but inevitable outcome of a social calculus that valued efficiency, profit and, especially, the spirit of us versus them that bonded together the inhabitants of one nation and allowed them to go out, conquer and enslave other people, most of them members of no nation at all.
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Rencontre avec Randall Kennedy par Randall Kennedy, Kédem Ferré, publié le 10/01/2014
Harvard Law Professor Randall Kennedy answered Aiguerande 11th graders before a conference at the Hôtel de Région for the Villa Gillet Mode d'Emploi festival, on 24 November 2013 in Lyon, France. The meeting was organised by the Villa Gillet and La Clé des Langues, and was prepared by Kédem Ferré and his students.
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Barbie Zelizer on the power of images par Barbie Zelizer, Clifford Armion, publié le 06/01/2014
Barbie Zelizer is a Professor of Communication, and holds the Raymond Williams Chair of Communication and is Director of the Scholars Program in Culture and Communication at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania. A former journalist, Professor Zelizer's work focuses on the cultural dimensions of journalism, with a specific interest in journalistic authority, collective memory, and journalistic images in times of crisis and war. She also works on the impact of disciplinary knowledge on academic inquiry.
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Family Histories par Ian Buruma, publié le 16/12/2013
When I was at primary school in the Netherlands in the late 1950s and early 1960s, history was still taught as a story of great men, kings, generals, national heroes, and of course great villains, mostly foreigners. In our case, this meant a succession of Williams of Orange, Admiral Tromp, Philip II, the Duke of Alva, Napoleon, Hitler, and so on. As a reaction to this kind of thing, historians of the left began to focus on systems: fascist, late capitalist, communist, totalitarian. Hannah Arendt’s take on the Eichmann trial, though not the work of a typical leftist, contributed to this tendency, as did the work of Adorno. I have often suspected that they favored systemic analyses, because they couldn’t bring themselves to face what had gone so badly wrong specifically in their beloved Germany. The responsibility of Germans, such as Heidegger, was not the issue; it had to be a systemic failure.
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Taking History Personnally par Cynthia Carr, publié le 12/12/2013
Two black men were lynched in Marion, Indiana, on the night of August 7, 1930. That was my father’s hometown, the town where I have my roots, and I heard this story when I was a little girl: The night it happened someone called my grandfather, whose shift at the Post Office began at three in the morning. "Don’t walk through the courthouse square tonight on your way to work," the caller said. "You might see something you don’t want to see." Apparently that was the punchline, which puzzled me. Something you don’t want to see. Then laughter. I was in my late twenties — my grandfather long dead — when I first came upon the photo of this lynching in a book. It has become an iconic image of racial injustice in America: two black men in bloody tattered clothing hang from a tree and below them stand the grinning, gloating, proud and pleased white folks.
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Doug Saunders on migration par Doug Saunders, Clifford Armion, publié le 05/12/2013
Migration almost always follows the same pattern. It doesn’t go from one country to another country. It goes from a cluster of villages or a sub-rural region to specific urban neighbourhoods. Those urban neighbourhoods which are usually low-income, with low housing cost, serve as the bottom rung of the ladder for people arriving in a new country.
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Are You Going to Write That in Your Book? par Siddhartha Deb, publié le 03/12/2013
Born in north-eastern India in 1970, Siddhartha Deb is the recipient of grants from the Society of Authors in the UK and has been a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Studies at Harvard University. His latest book, a work of narrative nonfiction, ((The Beautiful and the Damned)), was a finalist for the Orwell Prize in the UK and the winner of the PEN Open award in the United States. His journalism, essays, and reviews have appeared in Harpers, The Guardian, The Observer, The New York Times, Bookforum, The Daily Telegraph, The Nation, n+1, and The Times Literary Supplement.
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We’re All Translators Now par Esther Allen, publié le 15/11/2013
As our language ceases to dominate cyberspace (our share of the Web has fallen to about 27%), we English speakers are hesitantly stepping out of our monolingual sphere and evincing renewed interest in foreign tongues. Language learning websites like Livemocha and Matador Network seem to crop up like mushrooms, Rosetta Stone is a publicly traded company whose stock is up 41% year to date, and last year’s top-rated YouTube video — remember? —was in Korean (with a few repetitions of “hey sexy lady” thrown in for nostalgia’s sake).
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Reunion / L'ami retrouvé (1989) Jerry Schatzberg par Jerry Schatzberg, publié le 15/11/2013
Jerry Schatzberg started his career as a photographer and made his debut as a film director with Puzzle of a Downfall Child in 1970. Three years later he won the Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix for Scarecrow with Gene Hackman and Al Pacino. He was invited by the Festival Lumière to present Reunion (1989) which was screened in Lyon on 18 october 2013.
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A world war par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 08/11/2013
Cette page aborde l'engagement des territoires de l'Empire britannique, notamment le Canada et l'Inde, dans la Première Guerre Mondiale. Une tâche est ensuite proposée aux apprenants à partir des informations présentées.
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Women on the Home Front in World War One par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 08/11/2013
Cette page aborde sous plusieurs angles la question de l'évolution du statut et du rôle des femmes dans la société anglaise durant et après la Première Guerre Mondiale. Une tâche est ensuite proposée aux apprenants à partir des informations présentées.
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David Vann: Secret and subtext par David Vann, publié le 07/10/2013
All of the conventions of literary fiction can be successfully broken except one: there must be subtext, a second story beneath the surface. We don’t have to care about a protagonist or even really have a protagonist. We’re not limited to any particular style or structure. But our entire idea of literature being “about” something is based on a second narrative, something else that the surface narrative can point to. What’s interesting to me about this is that we live in a time when surface narratives are taking over. Blogs are generally so worthless for this one reason, that they lack subtext. The online world is, above all, earnest, saying exactly what it means.
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The Battle of the Somme (1916) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 30/09/2013
Cette page aborde l'épisode de la bataille de la Somme, vu par des historiens, mais aussi par des témoignages de soldats, par la presse de l'époque et par le ministère de la guerre. Les différents documents présentés font l'objet d'une tâche à réaliser par les apprenants.
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Goldie Goldbloom: Portraits and Faces - Appearance and Disfigurement par Goldie Goldbloom, publié le 27/09/2013
Chekhov is well known for his impartial observations of his characters and for his grasp of “realism”. When I first read his description of the lady with the little dog, I discovered that she is “a fair-haired young lady of medium height, wearing a beret.” I was puzzled. This less than enthusiastic description of the woman Gurov will come to love leaves out many basic details such as the colour of Anna Sergeyevna’s eyes and whether she has an attractive figure. I wondered why Chekhov departs from the wordier earlier traditions of written portraiture, and how his simple sketch of Anna illustrated the “realism” for which he is known.
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Rebelling as a female in the 18th and 19th century literature. From Pamela to Jane Eyre: a path to equality? par Marion Lopez-Burette, publié le 23/09/2013
This article intends to study and compare the way Pamela, Richardson's early heroine of the novel genre, and Charlotte Brontë's romantic Jane, rebel. What follows will underscore the path trodden by female fictional characters in terms of shaping the individual, from the Enlightenment period to the romantic era. The patterns of entrapment and self-willed seclusion the protagonists are involved in function as incentives for rebellion. The ideals they rebel for play the role of living forces in a way that is meaningful to comprehend how the essence of rebellion evolved with time. No matter how much the protagonists' respective procedure may differ, from moral conservatism to personal answering of moral questions through rites of passage, the two female heroines are equally conscious of their value as human beings. Their handling of their hardships and their allegiance to God, however, points to the qualitative and quantitative evolution of the notion of equality.
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Les tubes de la Grande Guerre en Angleterre par John Mullen, publié le 27/08/2013
La vie des Britanniques il y a un siècle était souvent très dure. Comme à toute époque, le divertissement, et spécialement la musique, était essentiel pour toutes les classes sociales. Les couches privilégiées organisaient des concerts chez elles, aidées par leurs domestiques, ou allaient dans les salons de danse. La classe ouvrière rejoignait des fanfares ou des chorales, mais surtout allait au music-hall. Dans cet article nous avons choisi 10 chansons à succès des années de guerre qui peuvent illustrer les priorités de leur public. Pour chacune, nous fournissons un extrait des paroles, un enregistrement de l’époque, et une image.
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The sinking of the Lusitania (1915) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 11/07/2013
Cette page présente brièvement l'épisode tragique du naufrage du paquebot Lusitania en 1915 suite à son torpillage par un sous-marin allemand (ce qui précipita l'entrée en guerre des USA), et propose plusieurs tâches à partir de documents d'époque.
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Britain and World War One (DNL) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 05/07/2013
Ce dossier sur l'Empire Britannique pendant Première Guerre Mondiale propose l'étude d'un certain nombre de ressources (affiches de propagande, photographies, textes...) organisées sous forme de séquence pédagogique, et accompagnées de tâches à réaliser par les apprenants.
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Propaganda posters par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 05/07/2013
Au cours de la Première Guerre Mondiale, les affiches de propagande ont été utilisées pour transmettre efficacement des messages aux populations d'Angleterre et de l'Empire. Ces affichent décrivent la violence de la guerre, sa nature mondiale, le besoin de recrues et de fonds pour soutenir l'effort de guerre. Sur cette page, l'une de ces affiches est analysée, puis une dizaine d'autres affiches sont présentées. Une tâche liant analyse d'image et production orale est proposée à partir de ces documents.
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Hugo Hamilton on memory and fiction par Hugo Hamilton, publié le 24/06/2013
It’s a stormy night in Dublin. My father comes into the bedroom to close the window. But the old sash window is rotten. As he tries pull it down, the wooden frame comes apart in his hands like a piece of fruit cake. The glass is smashed. So my father has to find a way to cover over the gaps. He looks around and picks up the nearest thing at hand. In the corner of the room there is a map of the world, a big rolled up school atlas which he’s kept from the time he was a schoolteacher. He rolls it out and nails the atlas up against the window frame. It’s a temporary solution, he says. Go to sleep. So that’s how I fall asleep, with the wind blowing across the world, flapping at the oceans and the continents. The world is there in the morning with the sun coming through.
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The Speckled People - a conversation with Hugo Hamilton par Hugo Hamilton, Kouadio N'Duessan, publié le 10/06/2013
Somebody mentioned the word confusion. That is probably the word that describes my childhood most clearly. It was a confusion of languages, confusion between the inside of the house and the outside of the house, confusion between my father’s idealism and my mother’s memories. There’s always been confusion in my life.
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Ragnarok - A conversation with A.S. Byatt par A.S. Byatt, Clifford Armion, publié le 03/06/2013
A.S. Byatt took part in the seventh edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She answered our questions on her latest novel, Ragnarok.
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Victorian printing and William Morris’s Kelmscott Press par Laura Mingam, publié le 09/05/2013
During the Victorian period, the Industrial Revolution reached the field of printing, and profoundly altered book production in England. Even though technical innovations led to the creation of dazzling volumes, the artist designer William Morris denounced the corruption of traditional printing methods. As a reaction against the standards of his time, William Morris decided to open his own printing press, with the aim of “producing [books] which would have a definite claim to beauty”. The Kelmscott Press was to become a new landmark in the history of English printing.
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Kate Chopin as a Vocal Colourist: Vocalscapes in “Beyond the Bayou” par Manuel Jobert, publié le 16/04/2013
Authors sometimes pepper their writings with features of orality. Charles Dickens, Emily Brontë, Thomas Hardy or George Bernard Shaw have become household names renowned for this propensity to rely on the vocal medium. Orality, however, is an umbrella term that covers a wide range of possible meanings. In this paper, I shall mainly be concerned with direct speech and the way it represents spoken discourse proper.
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Introduction à Measure for Measure par Estelle Rivier, Delphine Lemonnier-Texier, Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine, publié le 11/04/2013
Mettre en scène une pièce, dit Jean-François Sivadier interrogé sur le processus de création, c’est poser une hypothèse, et la mettre à l’épreuve du plateau, poursuivre le rêve que l’on a sur la pièce, et franchir le pas de son adaptation, accepter d’être confronté à l’écart entre le rêve et le plateau, tout en réussissant à ne pas perdre son rêve. Mettre en scène une pièce de Shakespeare, comme toute autre pièce de répertoire, c’est aussi se confronter à ses fantômes : ceux, manifestes, de ses mises en scène antérieures, et ceux, implicites, que l’on porte en soi en tant qu’artiste, les traversées que l’on a faites, les créations, les rôles antérieurs, l’histoire d’un parcours esthétique où cette pièce vient s’inscrire dans un cheminement, y (d)écrire un moment, une étape, une boucle peut-être...
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Care: A New Way of Questioning our Societies par Joan Tronto, publié le 15/03/2013
"In the United States, care became a focus of feminist research in the early 1980s. As “second wave” feminists realized that mere formal equality was insufficient, they began to think more deeply about what was required for the genuine inclusion of women."
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A global open-circuit television system going live? par Jeffrey Rosen, publié le 11/03/2013
I was at a conference at Google not long ago, and the head of public policy, said he expected that before long, Google and Facebook will be asked to post online live feeds to all the public and private surveillance cameras in the world, including mobile cameras mounted on drones. Imagine that Facebook responds to public pressure and decides to post live feeds, so they can be searched online, as well as archiving the video in the digital cloud.
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After Obamacare: The New Stakes of US Healthcare Policy par Alondra Nelson, publié le 21/02/2013
The new stakes for healthcare policy in the U.S. are apparent in what Obamacare concretized — the further privatization and stratification of healthcare—and what it left unsaid—the assertion of a right to health. Solutions lie outside of the formal domain of policy and in the realm of ethics and human rights. Yet, it is hard to imagine the application of these remedies at a time when life can be taken with impunity and in a world in which the US kills through drone warfare with each bomb carrying not only the threat of death but also the message that some lives matter less than yours or mine.
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Going Solo par Eric Klinenberg, publié le 19/02/2013
About five years ago I started working on a book that I planned to call ALONE IN AMERICA. My original idea was to write a book that would sound an alarm about a disturbing trend: the unprecedented rise of living alone. I was motivated by my belief that the rise of living alone is a profound social change – the greatest change of the past 60 years that we have failed to name or identify. Consider that, until the 1950s, not a single human society in the history of our species sustained large numbers of people living alone for long periods of time. Today, however, living alone is ubiquitous in affluent, open societies. In some nations, one-person households are now more common than nuclear families who share the same roof. Consider America. In 1950, only 22 percent of American adults were single, and only 9 percent of all households had just one occupant. Today, 49 percent of American adults are single, and 28 percent of all households have one, solitary resident.
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Entretien avec Adel Hakim - Mesure pour Mesure de William Shakespeare, une écriture du présent par Adel Hakim, Estelle Rivier, publié le 18/02/2013
Mesure pour Mesure a été créé pour les Fêtes Nocturnes de Grignan en 2007. Quarante représentations y ont eu lieu devant la façade du palais. Le spectacle a été ensuite repris en 2009 au Théâtre des Quartiers d’Ivry dirigé par Adel Hakim puis est parti en tournée.
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Livery, liberty, and the original staging of Measure for Measure par Andrew Gurr, publié le 17/02/2013
We know that Shakespeare lived in Bishopsgate through his first years in London, in the parish of St. Helens. Located just to the north of the Tower, he is on record as paying his dues in this parish. Not far from St. Helen’s was St. Botolph’s in Aldgate, another local church where Shakespeare had neighbourly connections. Not far from there, slightly to the east and north of the Tower, in the parish of St. Aldgates Without (meaning outside the city walls) there had once been the greatest of the three English Franciscan nunneries, known as the Minories, the London nunnery of the Order usually called the Poor Clares. This site, though no longer a nunnery, was still there when Shakespeare came to live nearby in 1590 or so...
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Measure for Measure in Performance par Estelle Rivier, Delphine Lemonnier-Texier, Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine, publié le 17/02/2013
Ce dossier a été réalisé à partir des interventions de la journée d'étude "Measure for measure in performance", consacrée à l'oeuvre de William Shakespeare
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The Political Future of Religion and Secularism par Craig Calhoun, publié le 08/02/2013
Secularism has long been seen as a solution to problems of religion. Yet today, secularism (laïcité) itself is a political problem alongside religion. In some versions, secularism has become an obstacle to political and social projects potentially shared among members of different religions and the non-religious. It has been politicized in relation to migration, insurgency, and religious renewal. As ideology, it is sometimes the basis for new forms of intolerance. Both secularism and religion are sometimes made the bases for prescriptive demands on others as well as self-understandings. A central issue is the transformation of secularism and laïcité – in some versions – from formulations focused on freedom to ideologies mobilized to impose cultural values. Yet this need not be so. The problems are not with religion and secularism as such, but with how “fundamentalist” versions of each are deployed.
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The Young Lords par Johanna Fernandez, Claire Richard, publié le 22/01/2013
The Young Lords were the children of the first large wave of Puerto Rican migration to the North East of the United States, in cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Hartford. The Young Lords was begun not in New York, interestingly enough, but in Chicago. And it was initiated by the efforts of the leader of the Young Lords, who initially in Chicago had been a gang. Cha Cha Jimenez, who was the leader of that gang, worked with a leader of the Black Panther Party, Fred Hampton, to transform this gang into a political organization.
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How Healing Are Books? par Pierre Zaoui, publié le 22/01/2013
The idea that novels, theater, or poetry often help us live, that they help us feel cleansed or feel stronger, more energized, more alive, or that they at least help us survive by giving us the boost we need to hang on a little longer, is not simply a constant topos of literature, be it western, eastern, or universal. It is an indisputable truth for those who make use of it, whether they write it, read it, comment on it, or transform it into a first-aid kid of maxim-prescriptions and citation-medicines to use as needed.
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William Hogarth - Southwark Fair par Vincent Brault, publié le 22/01/2013
Reproduction commentée de l'oeuvre "Southwark Fair" du graveur anglais William Hogarth.
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The Intensive Care Unit: A Place of Technology and Myth par Cécile Guilbert, publié le 22/01/2013
If we follow Giorgio Agamben, who defined “religion as that which subtracts things, places, animals and persons from common use to transfer them into a separate sphere,” the intensive care unit seems to be a sacred place within the hospital because it is special, separate, and governed by specific protocols, whether we’re talking about reduced visiting hours or its bunker-like nature (like the operating room and the morgue). And because it’s the place of suspension between life and death, a passageway between the conscious and the unconscious, or between presence and absence, intensive care is the place for all sorts of metaphysical questions, in the form of oxymora. What’s at stake here, for the patient—a dying life? A living death? What then is life? and death?
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Power – which powers? par Mathieu Potte-Bonneville, publié le 21/01/2013
To read, thirty-five years later, the essay that Jean Baudrillard published on Michel Foucault’s The Will to Knowledge is an odd experience : not only because many aspects of this intellectual fight are now litteraly archeological, in the usual sense of this word (if we haven’t forgotten Foucault, we hardly remember that time, when sexual liberation was a motto so important that interpreting it was a path to understand the whole society) ; but also because the two authors were talking and thinking in the name of a future that is now our past, or at least the shadow of our present.
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Some Thoughts on Identity par Claude Arnaud, publié le 18/01/2013
It is the topic par excellence, the enigma that is impossible to solve. This puppet that we call somewhat pompously “The Self,” what is it in the end? An actor who resigns himself, around the age of thirty, to play only one role, or a born clown who struggles to understand himself, having changed so often?
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The black community in New York, past and present par Alondra Nelson, Clifford Armion, publié le 15/01/2013
Alondra Nelson tells us about the history of the black community in New York; where they came from, where they settled and why. She also explores issues related to the urban development in Manhattan and to the gentrification of Harlem.
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Becoming No One par Gwenaëlle Aubry, publié le 15/01/2013
"The writing project came as the answer to a question that can, in retrospect, be formulated as follows: How can we grieve for a melancholy person, a person who was grieving himself? How can we get to grips with the absence of someone who was never really present?"
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Some Thoughts About Memory, Identity, and the False Family Narrative par Mira Bartók, publié le 15/01/2013
Identity and family legacy are partially formed by the family “memory narrative”—a family member, usually our mother or father, tells us stories about what happened before we were born or when we were too young to remember momentous events. But what happens when that narrator in the family is mentally ill, or a compulsive liar? In my case, my schizophrenic mother was the unreliable narrator of our family history. And my alcoholic father, a gifted writer who left when I was four, told my mother’s family grandiose lies about his own past.
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The 9/11 memorial, an ambitious renunciation par Clifford Chanin, ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 15/01/2013
A partir d'une interview de Clifford Chanin, directeur de l'éducation et des programmes au 9/11 museum de New York, sur le mémorial du 11 septembre 2001, cette page propose des exercices de compréhension générale et détaillée, ainsi qu'un exercice de phonétique.
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Reclaiming the streets, public space and quality of life in New York par Janette Sadik-Khan, Clifford Armion, publié le 11/01/2013
Mayor Bloomberg’s PlaNYC initiative was a thirty year plan to say ‘what do we need to do to ensure that a 9.4 million New York City works better than an 8.4 million New York City works today?’ so that when you open the door in the year 2030 you like what you see. That long term planning view, understanding the growth that’s going to happen, meant that we needed to change some fundamental things. One of the first things we needed to do was to look at our transport systems differently and use the lever of growth to modernise those transport systems.
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Understanding the social media: an interview with Jeffrey Rosen par Jeffrey Rosen, Clifford Armion, publié le 10/01/2013
Now that we’re living most of our lives online, all of us are vulnerable to the internet. The difficulty with young people is that they may not have experienced the dangers of not being able to escape your past until it’s too late. I like to tell the story of Stacy Sneider, the young 22 year old teacher in training who posted a picture of herself on Myspace wearing a pirate’s hat and drinking from a plastic cup that said drunken pirate. Her supervisor at the school said she was promoting drinking and she was fired. She sued and was unable to get her job back and she had to pick an entirely different career. That’s a very dramatic example on how vulnerable all of us are to being judged out of context by a single image or ill chosen picture and once you do that it may be very hard to escape your past.
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For a public service of human augmentation par Thierry Hoquet, publié le 04/01/2013
Thinking about humanity begins with the myth of Epimetheus and Prometheus: forgotten during the distribution of efficient organs, humans remained naked. While Epimetheus gave claws to some, shells to others, speed or cunning to still others, humans were neglected and ended up the poorest of creatures. To help them provide for the necessities of life and to repair as best he could his brother’s fundamental and foundational omission, Prometheus came to the rescue.
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Not Looking for Love par Chris Kraus, publié le 17/12/2012
As women, we are often identified through our choice of sexual partners. When an “attractive” woman has sex with an ugly man, it is a descent into “abjection.” But why? Clearly, it is because as women, we are still believed to attain most of our identities through sexuality. In the present assimilationist climate, any non-monogamous, non-relational sexual act is read as a symptom of emotional damage. Our culture persists in believing that sex holds the magic key to a person’s identity — which is, of course, wrong — and in behaving as if female writers are uniquely charged with upholding the sacred intimacy of the sexual act.
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For another Hysterature par Emilie Notéris, publié le 17/12/2012
Since the question of women’s freedom in writing, or “Why stories of transgression or women’s assertions of freedom are less tolerated than those of men?” only highlight ordinary male chauvinism (the answer to the question is undeniably related to cultural issues), I prefer to focus on the counter strategies that can be deployed in response to the insults made to women, like the one Eileen Myles describes in her introduction to I love Dick by Chris Kraus, What about Chris?: “She’s turned female abjection inside out and aimed it at a man.” In other words, rather than identifying the reasons for the violent reception of women’s transgressive writing, I prefer to think about the strategies that can flow from them.
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The Words of the Flesh par Wendy Delorme, publié le 11/12/2012
There are people who write from the place that they have been assigned. Some of them with rage so as to get away from it; others, by contrast, who follow the path that has been mapped out for us. There are those who would rather stay on the margin of that space, away from the feminine, off-centered, but are then dragged back to it, kicking and screaming. Their words are women's words, words that are situated. The masculine remains the universal reference. Feminine words stay in the realm of the singular, indexed to the gender of who said them.
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Declaration of Disinclinations par Lynne Tillman, publié le 11/12/2012
I like the theoretical ideal of neutrality, of non-hierarchical thinking. I’d like to be a writer, a person, but I am not. None of this naming is my choice. I’m a woman, “still” or I’m “only a woman.” “A good, bad woman, a silly, frivolous woman, an intelligent woman, a sweet woman, a harridan, bitch, whore, a fishmonger, gossipy woman. A woman writer.” What is “a woman writer”? Does “woman” cancel or negate “writer”? Create a different form of writer? Or does “woman” as an adjective utterly change the noun “writer”? “Man writer”? Not used. “Male writer,” rarely employed. Are there “man books” being read in “man caves?” OK, I declare: I’m a woman who writes, a person who writes. But how am I read?
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Some thoughts on silence and the contemporary “investigative memoir” par Marco Roth, publié le 06/12/2012
Critics and readers, at least in the United States, seem to be slower to recognize the investigative memoir as a narrative mode deserving of attention as such. The American memoir comes burdened with a history of survivor’s tales and evangelical Protestant redemption stories: the writer is usually delivered from bondage: slavery or captivity in the 19th century, Communism, Nazi Europe, or “substance abuse” in the 20th, and into freedom or the light of truth. THE END. Testifying, in both legal and religious senses, is important. Important too is the sense that the author can be written into a social order, given a normal or productive life...
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Video game theory par Liel Leibovtiz, Claire Richard, publié le 05/12/2012
TV requires you to interpret, to find meaning, to reject meaning, to make up new meaning, to negociate. Video games aren’t like that. Video games require you to do something else. You turn on a video game, and immediately you exist in three separate forms : you are that self on the couch, sitting in the physical space, watching the TV, holding the remote in your hand, you are the avatar on the screen, the character which you control and manipulate, and you’re a sort of third entity, an amalgamation of the two of you, of real and unreal, person and avatar, of gamer and character.
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Questions d'urbanisme à New York par Michel Lussault, Clifford Armion, publié le 29/11/2012
Michel Lussault, professeur de géographie et directeur de l'Istitut Français d'Education, répond aux questions de Clifford Armion, responsable de La Clé des langues, dans le cadre d'une rencontre organisée par la Villa Gillet dans les locaux newyorkais du Guardian, le 13 octobre 2012. Il évoque les changements opérés dans le paysage urbain de New York ces dernières années aux travers d'exemples comme la reconfiguration de Time Square, la transformation de la High Line en promenade ou bien encore le mémorial du 11 septembre.
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Reportage sur Martin Parr par ENS Média, publié le 20/11/2012
Un reportage réalisé par ENS Média à l'occasion de l'exposition "Life's a beach" à la Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon.
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What Does a New Yorker Think When He Bites into a Hamburger? par Caroline Heinrich, publié le 20/11/2012
What do you think of when you bite into a hamburger? Mmm, how delicious? Oh boy, this is bad for me? Or: I hope I won’t make a mess. Or perhaps you don’t want to think about anything at all? Maybe you are just thinking, “What a crazy question!”? Or are you trying to figure out what this crazy question has to do with philosophy and, particularly, with Baudrillard’s thought?
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The cultural perception of the American land: a short history par Mireille Chambon-Pernet, publié le 20/11/2012
The importance of land and nature in the American culture is widely known. The Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the coast of the Massachussetts in 1620 were looking for freedom which was both spiritual and material. The latter derived from land ownership, as a landowner called no man master. Yet, in 1893, Jackson Turner announced that: “the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower” “ It came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier”.
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The 9/11 memorial - Interview and footage of the WTC site par Clifford Chanin, Clifford Armion, publié le 30/10/2012
The original World Trade Centre site was 16 acres which if my calculations are correct is about 10 hectares in French geographical terms. So it was a very large space in the centre of the downtown Wall Street business district in New York. Those two buildings were each 110 stories tall. Each floor was an acre square. So you had 10 million square feet of floor space in those buildings. It really was an attempt to build the largest buildings in the world and bring companies from around the world to do business in those buildings. Once the attacks came and the buildings collapsed, it emerged very quickly in the planning process that the actual footprints of the buildings, those places were the they stood, were considered sacred ground.
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Biographical essay on the genius and works of Hogarth (Part II) par John Nichols, publié le 05/10/2012
So much has already been written respecting the illustrious Artist who is the subject of the present memoir, that, were it not intended as a necessary accompaniment to this Edition of his works, a sketch of his life might seem to require some apology. It is not here professed to bring forward additional facts, but rather to examine generally his peculiar merits as an Artist, and to exhibit, within a moderate compass, the opinions of his various Commentators; connecting this criticism with such a brief outline of his life as may serve to give a biographical form to the whole.
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Biographical essay on the genius and works of Hogarth par John Nichols, publié le 27/09/2012
So much has already been written respecting the illustrious Artist who is the subject of the present memoir, that, were it not intended as a necessary accompaniment to this Edition of his works, a sketch of his life might seem to require some apology. It is not here professed to bring forward additional facts, but rather to examine generally his peculiar merits as an Artist, and to exhibit, within a moderate compass, the opinions of his various Commentators; connecting this criticism with such a brief outline of his life as may serve to give a biographical form to the whole.
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"I’m the antidote to propaganda": A conversation with Martin Parr par Martin Parr, Marie Gautier, Aurore Fossard, publié le 21/09/2012
"Well I like bright colours. I took the palette that was used for commercial photography, especially in advertising and fashion, and I applied that to the art world because I’m fundamentally trying to create entertainment in my photographs. The idea is to make them bright and colourful but if you want to read a more serious message in the photographs then you can do it as well. But my prime aim is to make accessible entertainment for ‘the masses’. So it’s a serious message disguised as entertainment."
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Sharing Information: A Day in Your Life par Federal Trade Commission, ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 19/06/2012
Cette page propose, à partir d'une courte animation réalisée par la Federal Trade Commission, des exercices de compréhension générale et détaillée, des questions pour aller plus loin sur le thème de la diffusion des informations personnelles sur Internet, ainsi qu'un point de phonétique.
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Helen Oyeyemi on haunted house novels par Helen Oyeyemi, publié le 18/06/2012
"You read of extreme cases of jamais vu in the newspapers. There was one recently involving a husband who, after eighteen years of happy stability with his wife, told her he had a surprise for her. He blindfolded her, then ‘hit her over the head with the blunt end of an axe, fracturing her skull in three places.’ She survived and tried to forgive him, even vouched for his good character in court. The husband-turned-attacker, unable to explain his moment of terminal hostility, deferred to psychiatrists who offered the opinion that it was his past that had caused it. "
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Nicholson Baker on his literary career and how he came to write about sex par Nicholson Baker, publié le 13/06/2012
I think the job of the novelist is to write about interesting things, including things that might not seem all that interesting at first glance--like, say, a lunch hour on an ordinary weekday – and to offer evidence that life is worth living. At least, that’s what I try to do – not always successfully. My first book was about a lunch hour – the second about sitting in a rocking chair holding a baby – the third about literary ambition. There was almost no sex in those three books. But I always wanted to be a pornographer – because after all sex is amazing and irrational and embarrassing and endlessly worth thinking about. My fourth book was called Vox, and it was about two strangers telling stories to each other on the phone. I decided to write it as one big sex scene, because if you’re going to do it, do it.
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Jonathan Dee on the place of the novel in a money-driven society par Jonathan Dee, publié le 13/06/2012
About money there is nothing new. Nor about social inequity. When I wrote The Privileges, I was careful to leave out as many time-specific details as possible, because I felt that to tie its characters, and the lives they led, to the circumstances of a particular moment in history was to excuse them, in a way, and thus to miss the point of their existence...
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Helen Oyeyemi reading from White is for Witching - Assises Internationales du Roman 2012 par Helen Oyeyemi, Patricia Armion, publié le 08/06/2012
Helen Oyeyemi took part in the sixth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She was kind enough to read an extract from White is for Witching, her stunning Neo-Gothic novel.
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An interview with Helen Oyeyemi - Assises Internationales du Roman 2012 par Helen Oyeyemi, Patricia Armion, publié le 06/06/2012
Helen Oyeyemi took part in the sixth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She answered our questions on White is for Witching, a stunning Neo-Gothic novel.
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An interview with Nick Flynn - Assises Internationales du Roman 2012 par Nick Flynn, Julia Arnous, publié le 05/06/2012
Nick Flynn took part in the sixth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He answered our questions on Another Bullshit Night in Suck City and his approach to non-fiction.
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An interview with Douglas Kennedy - Assises Internationales du Roman 2012 par Douglas Kennedy, Clifford Armion, publié le 04/06/2012
In June 2012, Douglas Kennedy took part in the sixth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He answered our questions on his latest novel, The Moment.
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“Break On Through (to the Other Side)”: An Overview of The Historiography of U.S. Conservatism in the Sixties par Aurélie Godet, publié le 30/04/2012
Since the 1990s, a new generation of American historians has been exploring the “other,” counter-countercultural side of the 1960s, focusing on either the higher echelons of conservative power, the work of conservative militants at the grassroots, or on the ideas of specific conservative thinkers. This article aims to review some of the existing literature, while providing insight into what a comprehensive history of the conservative sixties should also include.
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Stylistics from Scratch: My ‘Take’ on Stylistics and How to Go About a Stylistic Analysis par Mick Short, publié le 24/04/2012
Mick Short was invited by Manuel Jobert as part of the tenth edition of the Discourse Analysis Conferences, organised by the Société de Stylistique Anglaise and Lyon 3. After giving some precious advice to students in stylistics and explaining the "foregrounding theory", he analysed a number of texts including the front page of a British tabloid, a poem by Robert Frost and a passage from Colum McCann’s Let the Great World Spin.
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'Mr Neville says No' par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 17/02/2012
"Rabbit-proof fence" est un film dramatique australien réalisé par Phillip Noyce en 2002, à partir du roman de Doris Pilkington Garimara "Follow the Rabbit-proof fence". A partir d'un court extrait du film, cette page propose des exercices de compréhension et de phonétique.
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The Neurosciences and Literature: an “exquisite corpse” or a “meeting of the minds”? par Lionel Naccache, publié le 16/02/2012
In the context of the Walls and Bridges project in New York, a meeting has been organized for October between an American novelist - Siri Hustvedt - and a French neuroscientist on the topic of "fiction," both mental and literary. This will obviously be the time to ask ourselves: can we imagine a promising future for meetings between the neurosciences of cognition and the world of literary creation? Is this merely the random juxtaposition of two terms to which we are attached, or the genuine dialectical culmination of self-consciousness? An amusing, trendy quid pro quo, or a key moment in our knowledge of ourselves as tale tellers?
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Narration in the Human Mind par Siri Hustvedt, publié le 16/02/2012
"Human beings are forever explaining themselves to themselves. This is the nature of our self-consciousness. We are not only awake and aware of the world around us, but are able to reflect on ourselves as actors in that world. We reason and we tell stories. Unlike our mammalian relatives who do not narrate their own lives, we become characters in our own tales, both when we recollect ourselves in the past and imagine ourselves in the future. Our ability to represent our experience in language - in those sounds and signs of our essential intersubjectivity - allows us the necessary symbolic alienation required for mental time travel..."
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Beauty, Intensity, Asymmetry par François Chaignaud, publié le 16/02/2012
"Beauty, Intensity, Asymmetry are born in my mouth like three goddesses ripe for veneration - far more than Identity, Gender, or Transgression, and utterly different from them. But this Beauty, of which we know only that some wish to buy but never to sell it, much less allow it to disappear or cause it to flee - nor to be the man or woman who no longer possesses anything but memories of it - is she a prescriptive goddess?"
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Three Words for Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich par Wendy Lesser, publié le 14/02/2012
As an element in Shostakovich's music, the shame is perhaps not as audible as the dread, but it is everpresent nonetheless. One cannot point to a precise place in the music where you can hear it, but it underlies and supports most of the other painful emotions, and if it were removed from the mix, you would certainly notice the difference. The shame is apparent in the harshness with which Shostakovich treats himself and his own feelings; it saves the saddest quartets (like the Eighth) from self-pity, and it saves the more cheerful ones (like the Sixth) from any tincture of smugness or self-assurance...
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For Free Union in Criticism par Pierre Bayard, publié le 14/02/2012
The idea of attributing old works to new authors is not original. It has long been practiced by those lovers of literature, our students, who do not hesitate to attribute The Old Man and the Sea to Melville or War and Peace to Dostoevsky. What is interesting is that this kind of reinvention is not always properly appreciated by teachers. Students are not the only readers to practice reattribution. Scientific discoveries have on occasion forced historians of literature - and even more, of art - to ascribe works to creators other than those to whom they were at first incorrectly attributed...
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Sonic Affinities par Jay Gottlieb, publié le 20/01/2012
En jouant, littéralement, avec la notion d'« affinités » et ses amples résonances, Jay Gottlieb a élaboré un programme constitué de morceaux des compositeurs desquels il se sent proche, en incorporant les relations variées que ces compositeurs ont avec leur matériau sonique.Il a créé, par exemple, une vaste sculpture de sons qui inclut des passages des dix symphonies de Mahler. Il jouera aussi des morceaux de Donatoni, qui montre comment les affinités peuvent être instables ; de Berio, qui joue brillamment avec le temps libre et le temps mesuré ; de Crumb, le transcendantaliste moderne américain, qui montre qu'il existe de l'unité dans la diversité ; d'Ohana, dont les contrepoints libres se déploient de manière organique et s'amalgament à loisir ; et de Mantovani enfin, qui, comme Mahler, allie la musique de concert la plus exigeante à des moments de pure exubérance. Literally playing with the notion of "affinities" with its vast resonances, Jay Gottlieb has constructed a program not only of works by composers with whom he feels a particular bond, but also incorporating the diverse relationships of the chosen composers with their sonic material. He created for instance a vast sound sculpture that incorporates moments from all of Malher's ten symphonies. He will also play pieces by Donatoni, who shows how affinities can be volatile, Berio, who brilliantly manipulates free time versus measured time, Crumb, the modern American transcendentalist, who demonstrates the unity in diversity, Ohana, whose free counterpoints unfold organically and amalgamate as they will, and Mantovani, who, like Mahler, fuses the most exigent concert music with moments of carefree ebullience.
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Disruptive Kinship par Judith Butler, Hélène Cixous, Avital Ronell, publié le 20/01/2012
Que se passe-t-il lorsque les relations et les communautés ne dépendent plus, pour se développer, d'une formation naturelle ou de certains réseaux préexistants, mais créent leurs propres mouvements, souvent difficilement contrôlables ? Les affinités ont peu à voir avec les liens familiaux et les structures codifiées socialement. Elles ne jaillissent pas d'une source commune, ni d'une quelconque communauté. Au contraire, elles conduisent à des assemblages inattendus, à des agrégats de personnes et d'êtres qui défient les arrangements prétendument naturels. What happens when relations and community do not depend on natural formations or grids for their unfolding but create their own, often untrackable movements? Affinities have little to do with family ties or socially codified structures. They do not well up from a common spring or identified community. Rather, they lead to unexpected pairings and conglomerates of people and beings that defy supposedly natural arrangements.
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Screening Identities - Danny Glover in conversation with Manthia Diawara par Manthia Diawara, Danny Glover, Avital Ronell, publié le 20/01/2012
Manthia Diawara et Danny Glover exploreront, d'un point de vue thématique et existentiel, comment les relations se forment et s'exportent au cinéma. Comment les relations sont-elles représentées et selon quels codes d'acquiescement ou de révolte, de désir ou de dégoût, de nécessité ou de chance les rencontres sont-elles thématisées dans les films africains ou africains américains ? Quels sont les dessous de l'histoire et les affinités secrètes qui ont encouragé ou freiné l'émergence de l'art cinématographique noir africain et américain ? Messrs Diawara and Glover will be exploring, on a thematic and existential register, the way relations are formed and uprooted in cinema. How are relations depicted, and according to what codes of presumed compliance or revolt, desire or disgust, necessity or chance, in the encounters that are thematized in African and African-American film? What are some of the back-stories and unrecorded affinities that have enabled or disturbed the emergence of the Black cinematic art?
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Chords and Discords - Musical Patterns of Affinities par Pierre Bayard, Wendy Lesser, François Noudelmann, publié le 20/01/2012
Les « tables d'affinités » établies par les chimistes ont souvent servi de modèle aux rencontres sentimentales. Or, la concordance et la discordance qui résultent des affinités sont plus proches des phénomènes musicaux, où les associations redistribuent infiniment les correspondances harmoniques. Pierre Bayard, auteur de Comment parler des livres que l'on n'a pas lus, abordera cette question avec Wendy Lesser, auteur de Music for Silenced Voices : Shostakovich and His Fifteen Quartets, et François Noudelmann, qui explore, dans Le Toucher les philosophes (en cours de traduction) la relation que Barthes, Sartre et Nietzsche avaient avec leur propre pratique du piano. The affinity tables established by chemists served as models for sentimental encounters. But the concordance and discordance resulting from affinities are closer to musical phenomena, where associations infinitely redistribute harmonic correlations. Pierre Bayard, author of How to Talk About Books You Haven't Read, will discuss this topic with Wendy Lesser, author of Music for Silenced Voices: Shostakovich and His Fifteen Quartets, and François Noudelmann, who explores in Le toucher des philosophes (to be translated) the relationship that Barthes, Sartre and Nietzsche had to their own practise of the piano.
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The Need to See and the Will not to Know - How we deal with catastrophes par Craig Calhoun, Jean-Pierre Dupuy, Eric Klinenberg, Michel Lussault, Nicholas Mirzoeff, publié le 20/01/2012
Au cours de l'année écoulée, un groupe d'éminents sociologues français et américains se sont rencontrés à Lyon et à New York à plusieurs reprises. Il s'agissait d'explorer notre intérêt culturel pour les catastrophes récentes et l'émergence de certaines menaces sur notre climat, nos villes et nos communautés ; de sonder notre désir d'en savoir plus ou, au contraire, de rester dans l'ignorance. Les cinq chercheurs présenteront le résultat de leur réflexion à l'occasion de cette soirée à l'IPK. During one year leading French and American social scientists met several times in Lyon and New York to explore our cultural interest in knowing and not knowing about recent catastrophes and emerging threats to our climate, cities, and communities. They will share the result of their reflection.
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Conscious and Unconscious Narrative Literature, Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience par Siri Hustvedt, Lionel Naccache, publié le 20/01/2012
Nous passons une grande partie de notre vie à élaborer des fictions, à nous raconter des histoires et à en raconter aux autres. La narration est profondément enracinée dans l'esprit humain, à un niveau à la fois conscient et inconscient. Produire une narration est une façon de donner du sens à l'expérience factuelle. Mais les fictions créées par le cerveau humain et celles que les romanciers imaginent sont-elles de même nature ? L'écrivain américain Siri Hustvedt et le neurobiologiste français Lionel Naccache exprimeront leurs points de vue originaux, pénétrants et empathiques sur cette question. We all spend our time constructing fictions, telling stories to ourselves and to others. Narration is deeply rooted in the human mind, at a conscious and unconscious level. Producing a narrative is a way of giving meaning to factual experience. Are the fictions created by the human brain and those imagined by novelists of the same nature? American writer Siri Hustvedt and French neurobiologist Lionel Naccache express their original, incisive and empathetic views on these questions.
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Beauty Contest - Human Beauty and its Social Construction par François Chaignaud, Jon-Jon Goulian, Silke Grabinger, Gressett Salette, publié le 20/01/2012
Les arts visuels, la mode et les médias ont largement contribué à la transformation de la notion de beauté au cours des dernières générations - la beauté ayant été traditionnellement perçue comme une extension de la féminité jusqu'à la fin du XXe siècle. Le féminisme et les mouvements gay, lesbien et queer ont brouillé les définitions de ce qui (et qui) est beau et ou ce qui (et qui) ne l'est pas. Les intervenants exploreront les réflexions et pratiques émancipatrices ayant contribué à révéler les structures cachées de la répression dans les domaines du genre, de la race et de l'âge, et ébranlé certains préjugés iconographiques obsolètes. Visual arts, fashion and media have strongly contributed to the transformation of the notion of beauty over the last few generations. Widely perceived of as an extension of femininity until the late 20th century, feminism and the gay, lesbian and queer movements have eroded clear definitions of who and what is beautiful - and who and what is not. French historian, dancer and choreographer François Chaignaud, American author of The Man in the Grey Flannel Skirt Jon-Jon Goulian, Austrian dancer and choreographer Silke Grabinger, and Salette Gressett, curatorial advisor for the exhibition at the Austrian Cultural Forum, will discuss how emancipatory artistic reflection and practice has fought to reveal the hidden structures of repression toward gender, race, and age and shake off antiquated visual preconceptions.
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The Actual Lives of Catherine Millet and Robert Storr par Catherine Millet, Robert Storr, publié le 19/01/2012
De part et d'autre de l'Atlantique, Catherine Millet et Robert Storr ont joué un rôle clef, comme témoins et acteurs, dans la transformation du monde de l'art. Catherine Millet, auteur des best-sellers La Vie sexuelle de Catherine M. et Jalousie et rédactrice en chef du magazine Art Press, rencontrera Robert Storr, ancien conservateur du MoMa de New York et doyen de la Faculté des Beaux-arts de l'université de Yale, pour discuter de leurs nombreux intérêts communs, de leurs carrières parfois entremêlées et de la scène artistique contemporaine. Le dialogue entre ces deux collègues et amis apportera un éclairage sur le monde toujours changeant et surprenant de l'art contemporain et dévoilera l'itinéraire artistique et intellectuel de deux de ses acteurs les plus éloquents. On both sides of the Atlantic, Catherine Millet and Robert Storr have played key rolesas witnesses and actorsin the transformations of the art world. Catherine Millet, author of bestsellers The Sexual Life of Catherine M and Jealousy and editor-in-chief of Art Press magazine, will join Robert Storr, former curator of MoMA and the dean of the School of Art at Yale University, to discuss their wide-ranging interests, their intermingled careers, and the current art scene.
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The Drama of (Dis)affinities par François Noudelmann, Avital Ronell, publié le 19/01/2012
Qu'est-ce qui rapproche les individus et les communautés ? Qu'est-ce qui les divise ? Que se passe-t-il lorsque le « courant passe » entre des individus (ou dans certaines situations) et qu'est-ce qui manque quand ce n'est pas le cas ? Comment ce phénomène dépasse-t-il les descriptions traditionnelles des ensembles et des communautés ? What pulls communities and individuals together? What drives them apart? What's going on when people or situations have "chemistry" or click, and what's missing when they don't? How does this bypass more conservative descriptions of ensembles and community?
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The Black Panther Party's fight against medical discrimination par Alondra Nelson, Claire Richard, publié le 09/01/2012
Claire Richard asks Alondra Nelson about a neglected and yet essential legacy of the Black Panther Party. When the party emerged in 1966, the Jim Crow laws had been dismantled and there was no legal support for discrimination in the United States, but there were still segregated practices within the healthcare sector. As the saying goes, when America has a cold, African Americans have pneumonia. The Black Panthers fought for healthcare equality as a way to achieve social justice. Alondra Nelson tells us about the clinics they created where they did basic healthcare but also screening and vaccination programs. They were asking for a universal healthcare system which the USA still don't have today...
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Mary Creagh on UK environmental policies par Mary Creagh, Clifford Armion, publié le 05/01/2012
Mary Creagh is the Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. She has been a Member of Parliament for Wakefield since 2005. She answered our questions on the environmental policies implemented by the coalition government and the position of Labour on energy and environment related issues.
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William Echikson évoque la culture Google et les grands projets de la firme de Mountain View par William Echikson, Gérard Wormser, publié le 13/12/2011
William Echikson est actuellement Directeur de Communication Europe de Google, après avoir été pendant 25 ans le correspondant européen du Christian Science Monitor, du Wall Street Journal et du Businessweek. Il répond aux questions de Gérard Wormser, professeur de philosopie à l'ENS de Lyon et directeur de la revue web Sens public, en passant en revue les innovations récentes et les grands projets de Google tels que Google Phones, Google Translator, Google Books, les voitures sans conducteur, ou encore le Google transparency report.
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Denis MacShane on Europe and Coalition policies par Denis MacShane, Clifford Armion, publié le 12/12/2011
Denis MacShane was Tony Blair's Minister for Europe from 2002 until 2005 and has been a Member of Parliament for Rotherham since 1994. He answered our questions on the policies implemented by the coalition government, the rise in British euroscepticism and the role of the state in financing universities.
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“The shadow of the fifth”: patterns of exclusion in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child par Anne-Laure Brevet, publié le 06/12/2011
This study of The Fifth Child (1988) attempts to show that the eponymous character, a traumatic semi-human creature who neither assimilates into his ordinary family nor conforms to the demands of society impersonates a drive for disorder, chaos and violence undermining collective ideals. On the one hand, the fact that the alien child is not only excluded from family life but also from any type of “normal” human interaction, especially in Ben, in the World (2000), reveals hidden discordant notes that further lead to the disruption of his model family. On the other hand, as the symbol of a dark, destructive force fighting against enlightenment and progress, Ben’s inherently disruptive figure is a reminder of the two World Wars and the impersonation of social unrest. Through the various patterns of exclusion triggered off by his subversive presence, the fifth child reveals that the primitive dimension of the self and of humanity at large should be understood as part and parcel of human nature.
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An interview with Jerry Schatzberg par Jerry Schatzberg, Clifford Armion, publié le 18/10/2011
Jerry Schatzberg started his career as a photographer and made his debut as a film director with Puzzle of a Downfall Child in 1970. Three years later he won the Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix for Scarecrow with Gene Hackman and Al Pacino. He was invited by the Festival Lumière to present a restored copy of his first film and was kind enough to answer a few questions on his work as a photographer and director.
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The end of privacy: the state and surveillance - a debate between Jeffrey Rosen and Didier Bigo par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, Jeffrey Rosen, Didier Bigo, publié le 22/09/2011
Le degré de surveillance auquel les Etats occidentaux astreignent leurs citoyens a considérablement augmenté au cours des dernières années, que ce soit dans les espaces publics ou sur internet. La menace du terrorisme a généré d'innombrables mesures, mais dans l'après-11 septembre, quelle part de notre liberté sommes-nous prêts à sacrifier au nom de la sécurité ? Le spécialiste français du droit international Didier Bigo en débat avec l'expert américain, Jeffrey Rosen.
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The State and Surveillance: Fear and Control par Didier Bigo, Mireille Delmas-Marty, publié le 20/09/2011
The prevention discourse, which has existed for so long has gone a step further with the belief of scientific capability to predict human behaviour by sophisticated software. It is not enough to assess possible futures, to do simulation and alternative scenarios and to guess what virtual future has the most chance to become actualised, now the professionals of security technologies want to reduce all these possible futures to only one future; often the future of the worst case scenario. And it is this selected future that they read as a future perfect, as a future already fixed, a future they already know...
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What can we do to avert climate change? par Environmental Protection Agency, ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 16/09/2011
A partir d'une courte vidéo de l'agence américaine Environmental Protection Agency, traitant du changement climatique et des solutions pour y remédier, cette page propose des exercices de compréhension générale et détaillée, ainsi que de phonétique.
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Interview de Richard Russo - Assises Internationales du Roman 2011 par Richard Russo , Clifford Armion , publié le 30/08/2011
Richard Russo won the 2002 Pulitzer Prize with his novel Empire Falls. In May 2011, he took part in the fifth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He was kind enough to grant us an interview at the Hotel Carlton in Lyon.
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Interview de Percival Everett - Assises Internationales du Roman 2011 par Percival Everett, Clifford Armion, publié le 30/08/2011
In May 2011, Percival Everett took part in the fifth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He was kind enough to grant us an interview at the Hotel Carlton in Lyon.
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Le théâtre US ultracontemporain par Brigitte Gauthier, publié le 04/07/2011
Le théâtre américain de la fin du 20e siècle est caractérisé par ses actions « hors bunker ». Au-delà des avant-gardes, il expérimente des formes de performances dans les rues, les parcs et les night clubs. Le théâtre devient à New York, the Scene, un monde de revendication ethniques et de libération sexuelle. La nouvelle frontière, c'est le hors les murs. Les enjeux politiques se radicalisent et un nouveau théâtre d'agit-propre s'empare du Net.
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