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Domaine américain

publié le 31/01/2018

Cette transcription du discours prononcé par Donald Trump devant le Congrès des États-Unis le 30 janvier 2018 est issue du site officiel de la Maison Blanche. La division en parties, ajoutée par la Clé des langues, est destinée à faciliter la recherche d'extraits qui pourraient faire l'objet d'un travail en classe. Une sélection d'articles de presse est également proposée en fin de ressource.

Hamed Jendoubi - publié le 22/05/2017

La présidence américaine, dirigée par celui que l'on présente volontiers comme le « leader du monde libre », est aujourd'hui une institution bien plus puissante que lors de sa création en 1787. Cet article partira d'une analyse de la présidence de Barack Obama pour insister sur le caractère transpartisan de ce renforcement institutionnel, qui est aussi bien le fait de présidents démocrates que de leurs homologues républicains.

Anne-Kathrin Marquardt - publié le 05/05/2017

Cette bibliographie accompagne l'article "Immigration to the United States of America: Current Challenges and Debates" de Anne-Kathrin Marquardt.

Anne-Kathrin Marquardt - publié le 05/04/2017

Anne-Kathrin Marquardt - publié le 05/02/2017

This paper, written in April 2017, gives an overview of recent immigration to the United States and the immigrant population of America. It outlines the consequences for the demographics and politics of the country and summarises the contentious issues in the debate around immigration reform. It focuses on executive action taken since 2012, during the Obama and Trump presidencies, right up to the present day. Please note: an asterisk (*) refers to an entry in the accompanying glossary.

Marion Coste - publié le 09/01/2017

Ce documentaire de 16 minutes intitulé "Dearborn, Michigan" explore la vie de cinq américains originaires de Dearborn, ville qui abrite la plus grande mosquée aux États-Unis. Il est ainsi particulièrement adapté au programme de seconde, dont l'entrée culturelle "l'art de vivre ensemble" permet une réflexion sur les villes et les territoires.

publié le 06/01/2017

Le Guardian et la Bertha Foundation présente dans ce documentaire le groupe des Radical Monarchs, qui repense le mouvements des girl scouts aux Etats-Unis. Loin de la couture et des ventes de cookies, ses membres défendent la communauté LGBTQ, s'intéressent à la protection de l'environnement, soutiennent le mouvement 'Black Lives Matter' et réfléchissent aux problèmes de justice sociale.

publié le 11/10/2016

Nous vous proposons sur cette page les vidéos des discours de Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton et Barack Obama à l'issue des élections américaines, ainsi que les transcriptions de ces discours. Certains passages ont été mis en gras par la Clé afin de faire ressortir les idées charnières. Nous vous proposons également quelques pistes d'analyse.

publié le 23/09/2016

Le journal britannique The Guardian propose une série de douze documentaires, réalisés en partenariat avec la Bertha Foundation. Cette série s'attache à sensibiliser le public aux enjeux mondiaux contemporains et à faire avancer les débats sur les sujets de société.

Nicolas Baverez - publié le 27/04/2016

À l'occasion du débat "L’Amérique : encore un modèle ?", organisé par la Villa Gillet en partenariat avec le Théâtre de la Croix-Rousse et l’Opéra de Lyon, la Clé anglaise vous propose ce texte de Nicolas Baverez sur le rôle des États-Unis dans le monde aujourd'hui. De quel modèle l’Amérique est-elle le nom ? Les États-Unis, qui s’affirment encore aujourd’hui comme la première puissance mondiale, sont-ils, à long terme, toujours un modèle viable ?

Andrew Ives - publié le 29/02/2016

This article argues that the ideological shift undertaken by the Republican Party in the late 1970s, namely the move away from the consensus politics of Eisenhower’s Modern Republicanism towards the so-called Reagan Revolution, was motivated primarily by electoral considerations and the pursuit of power. The southern strategy, the adoption of socially conservative policies and the embracing of supply side economics, are analyzed in light of their electoral appeal, and are seen as a delayed ...

Fabien Poète - publié le 19/02/2016

La Clé des langues vous propose un article sur les primaires américaines permettant de faire le point sur les candidats encore en lice (Hillary Clinton et Bernie Sanders pour les démocrates, John Kasich, Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio et Donald Trump pour les républicains), de résumer les grandes lignes de leurs programmes et de retracer les moments importants de leurs campagnes. L'article renvoie vers de nombreux liens (articles de journaux, extraits vidéos) pouvant faire l'objet d'une étude en ...

Tamara Boussac - publié le 14/01/2016

En 1968, l’universitaire franco-américain Stanley Hoffmann publiait un ouvrage fondamental dans l’analyse de la politique étrangère américaine au 20ème siècle. Ecrit à l’une des heures les plus critiques de la Guerre Froide, Gulliver Empêtré est à bien des égards le produit de son époque. Les Etats-Unis, dont l’armée s’enlisait au Vietnam dans une guerre impopulaire et inconstitutionnelle, voyaient s’achever l’administration du libéral Lyndon Johnson sur fond de ...

Andrew Ives - publié le 03/05/2015

This paper will argue that Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s political discourse was profoundly influenced by his liberal Protestant worldview. The paper begins with some background on Roosevelt’s Christian upbringing. It moves on to show how FDR consistently used Protestant precepts and Biblical allusions as a rhetorical tool to gain electoral support. However, the author argues that Roosevelt’s simple yet profound Christian faith went far beyond this purely rhetorical usage and that liberal ...

Corey Robin - publié le 19/12/2014

In my 2004 book Fear: The History of a Political Idea, I argued that “one day, the war on terrorism will come to an end. All wars do. And when it does, we will find ourselves still living in fear: not of terrorism or radical Islam, but of the domestic rulers that fear has left behind.” When I wrote “one day,” I was thinking decades, not years. I figured that the war on terror—less the invasions, wars, torture, drone attacks, and assassinations than the broader atmosphere of pervasive ...

Daniel Wright, Claire Richard - publié le 11/10/2014

In general, we have what is called a federal system, where there is a lot of power that States have, and then cities within states and even smaller municipalities within cities can make their own rules. And education is a good example of where it can really depend on where you are. The requirements can be very different from place to place and the type of schools that are offered can vary very much from state to state...

Randall Kennedy, Kédem Ferré - publié le 01/10/2014

Harvard Law Professor Randall Kennedy answered Aiguerande 11th graders before a conference at the Hôtel de Région for the Villa Gillet Mode d'Emploi festival, on 24 November 2013 in Lyon, France. The meeting was organised by the Villa Gillet and La Clé des Langues, and was prepared by Kédem Ferré and his students.

David Treuer, Clifford Armion - publié le 09/08/2014

David Treuer took part in the eighth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He answered our questions on his involvement in the protection of Indian culture.

James B. Jacobs, Claire Richard - publié le 04/08/2014

I consider myself a gun control skeptic. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. I don’t think that will happen. There is no magic bullet, if you can excuse the phrase, that will change American ...

Kevin Powers, Clifford Armion - publié le 30/06/2014

Kevin Powers took part in the eighth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He answered our questions on his first novel, The Yellow Birds.

Randall Kennedy - publié le 02/06/2014

There are several good justifications for racial affirmative action in a society that has long been a pigmentocracy in which white people have been privileged and people of color oppressed. Affirmative action can ameliorate debilitating scars left by past racial mistreatment – scars (such as educational deprivation) that handicap racial minorities as they seek to compete with whites who have been free of racial subordination. Affirmative action can also counter racially prejudiced misconduct. ...

Marita Sturken, Claire Richard - publié le 31/03/2014

One of the reasons I was interested in trying to unpack the meanings of kitsch memory culture, say for instance in relationship to 9/11, is precisely the ways in which it creates this culture of comfort, that allows us to feel reassured. And that allows us to not confront the larger questions, about the project of American empire, about the project of national identity, about our priorities and our values as a nation, and about the kind of sacrifices that we have demanded on those serving in ...

Janette Sadik-Khan, Clifford Armion - publié le 01/11/2013

Mayor Bloomberg’s PlaNYC initiative was a thirty year plan to say ‘what do we need to do to ensure that a 9.4 million New York City works better than an 8.4 million New York City works today?’ so that when you open the door in the year 2030 you like what you see. That long term planning view, understanding the growth that’s going to happen, meant that we needed to change some fundamental things. One of the first things we needed to do was to look at our transport systems differently and ...

Alondra Nelson - publié le 21/02/2013

The new stakes for healthcare policy in the U.S. are apparent in what Obamacare concretized — the further privatization and stratification of healthcare—and what it left unsaid—the assertion of a right to health. Solutions lie outside of the formal domain of policy and in the realm of ethics and human rights. Yet, it is hard to imagine the application of these remedies at a time when life can be taken with impunity and in a world in which the US kills through drone warfare with each bomb ...

Johanna Fernandez, Claire Richard - publié le 22/01/2013

The Young Lords were the children of the first large wave of Puerto Rican migration to the North East of the United States, in cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Hartford. The Young Lords was begun not in New York, interestingly enough, but in Chicago. And it was initiated by the efforts of the leader of the Young Lords, who initially in Chicago had been a gang. Cha Cha Jimenez, who was the leader of that gang, worked with a leader of the Black Panther Party, Fred Hampton, to ...

Alondra Nelson, Clifford Armion - publié le 15/01/2013

Alondra Nelson tells us about the history of the black community in New York; where they came from, where they settled and why. She also explores issues related to the urban development in Manhattan and to the gentrification of Harlem.

Michel Lussault, Clifford Armion - publié le 29/11/2012

Michel Lussault, professeur de géographie et directeur de l'Istitut Français d'Education, répond aux questions de Clifford Armion, responsable de La Clé des langues, dans le cadre d'une rencontre organisée par la Villa Gillet dans les locaux newyorkais du Guardian, le 13 octobre 2012. Il évoque les changements opérés dans le paysage urbain de New York ces dernières années aux travers d'exemples comme la reconfiguration de Time Square, la transformation de la High Line en promenade ou ...

Mireille Chambon-Pernet - publié le 20/11/2012

The importance of land and nature in the American culture is widely known. The Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the coast of the Massachussetts in 1620 were looking for freedom which was both spiritual and material. The latter derived from land ownership, as a landowner called no man master. Yet, in 1893, Jackson Turner announced that: “the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower” “ It came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier”.