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Domaine américain

Andrew Ives - publié le 05/03/2015

This paper will argue that Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s political discourse was profoundly influenced by his liberal Protestant worldview. The paper begins with some background on Roosevelt’s Christian upbringing. It moves on to show how FDR consistently used Protestant precepts and Biblical allusions as a rhetorical tool to gain electoral support. However, the author argues that Roosevelt’s simple yet profound Christian faith went far beyond this purely rhetorical usage and that liberal (...)

Corey Robin - publié le 19/12/2014

In my 2004 book ((Fear: The History of a Political Idea)), I argued that “one day, the war on terrorism will come to an end. All wars do. And when it does, we will find ourselves still living in fear: not of terrorism or radical Islam, but of the domestic rulers that fear has left behind.” When I wrote “one day,” I was thinking decades, not years. I figured that the war on terror—less the invasions, wars, torture, drone attacks, and assassinations than the broader atmosphere of (...)

Daniel Wright, Claire Richard - publié le 10/11/2014

In general, we have what is called a federal system, where there is a lot of power that States have, and then cities within states and even smaller municipalities within cities can make their own rules. And education is a good example of where it can really depend on where you are. The requirements can be very different from place to place and the type of schools that are offered can vary very much from state to state...

David Treuer, Clifford Armion - publié le 08/09/2014

David Treuer took part in the eighth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and ((Le Monde)). He answered our questions on his involvement in the protection of Indian culture.

Kevin Powers, Clifford Armion - publié le 30/06/2014

Kevin Powers took part in the eighth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and ((Le Monde)). He answered our questions on his first novel, ((The Yellow Birds)).

James B. Jacobs, Claire Richard - publié le 08/04/2014

"I consider myself a gun control skeptic. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. I don’t think that will happen. There is no magic bullet, if you can excuse the phrase, that will change American (...)

Marita Sturken, Claire Richard - publié le 31/03/2014

One of the reasons I was interested in trying to unpack the meanings of kitsch memory culture, say for instance in relationship to 9/11, is precisely the ways in which it creates this culture of comfort, that allows us to feel reassured. And that allows us to not confront the larger questions, about the project of American empire, about the project of national identity, about our priorities and our values as a nation, and about the kind of sacrifices that we have demanded on those serving in the (...)

Randall Kennedy - publié le 06/02/2014

There are several good justifications for racial affirmative action in a society that has long been a pigmentocracy in which white people have been privileged and people of color oppressed. Affirmative action can ameliorate debilitating scars left by past racial mistreatment – scars (such as educational deprivation) that handicap racial minorities as they seek to compete with whites who have been free of racial subordination. Affirmative action can also counter racially prejudiced misconduct. (...)

Randall Kennedy, Kédem Ferré - publié le 10/01/2014

Harvard Law Professor Randall Kennedy answered Aiguerande 11th graders before a conference at the Hôtel de Région for the Villa Gillet Mode d'Emploi festival, on 24 November 2013 in Lyon, France. The meeting was organised by the Villa Gillet and La Clé des Langues, and was prepared by Kédem Ferré and his students.

Alondra Nelson - publié le 21/02/2013

The new stakes for healthcare policy in the U.S. are apparent in what Obamacare concretized — the further privatization and stratification of healthcare—and what it left unsaid—the assertion of a right to health. Solutions lie outside of the formal domain of policy and in the realm of ethics and human rights. Yet, it is hard to imagine the application of these remedies at a time when life can be taken with impunity and in a world in which the US kills through drone warfare with each bomb (...)

Johanna Fernandez, Claire Richard - publié le 22/01/2013

The Young Lords were the children of the first large wave of Puerto Rican migration to the North East of the United States, in cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Hartford. The Young Lords was begun not in New York, interestingly enough, but in Chicago. And it was initiated by the efforts of the leader of the Young Lords, who initially in Chicago had been a gang. Cha Cha Jimenez, who was the leader of that gang, worked with a leader of the Black Panther Party, Fred Hampton, to (...)

Alondra Nelson, Clifford Armion - publié le 15/01/2013

Alondra Nelson tells us about the history of the black community in New York; where they came from, where they settled and why. She also explores issues related to the urban development in Manhattan and to the gentrification of Harlem. Interview by Clifford Armion at 30th November 2012, Hôtel de Région, Lyon.

Janette Sadik-Khan, Clifford Armion - publié le 11/01/2013

Janette Sadik-Khan, who has served as transportation commissioner since 2007, is internationally recognized for her expertise in transportation issues, public policy development and innovative finance. Under her leadership, the transportation department has implemented an ambitious program to improve safety, mobility and sustainability throughout New York. Interview by Clifford Armion on 13th October 2012, in The Guardian New York Offices.

Michel Lussault, Clifford Armion - publié le 29/11/2012

Michel Lussault, professeur de géographie et directeur de l'Istitut Français d'Education, répond aux questions de Clifford Armion, responsable de La Clé des langues, dans le cadre d'une rencontre organisée par la Villa Gillet dans les locaux newyorkais du Guardian, le 13 octobre 2012. Il évoque les changements opérés dans le paysage urbain de New York ces dernières années aux travers d'exemples comme la reconfiguration de Time Square, la transformation de la High Line en promenade ou (...)

Mireille Chambon-Pernet - publié le 20/11/2012

The importance of land and nature in the American culture is widely known. The Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the coast of the Massachussetts in 1620 were looking for freedom which was both spiritual and material. The latter derived from land ownership, as a landowner called no man master. Yet, in 1893, Jackson Turner announced that: “the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower” “ It came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier”.

Clifford Chanin, Clifford Armion - publié le 30/10/2012

The original World Trade Centre site was 16 acres which if my calculations are correct is about 10 hectares in French geographical terms. So it was a very large space in the centre of the downtown Wall Street business district in New York. Those two buildings were each 110 stories tall. Each floor was an acre square. So you had 10 million square feet of floor space in those buildings. It really was an attempt to build the largest buildings in the world and bring companies from around the world (...)

Aurélie Godet - publié le 30/04/2012

Since the 1990s, a new generation of American historians has been exploring the “other,” counter-countercultural side of the 1960s, focusing on either the higher echelons of conservative power, the work of conservative militants at the grassroots, or on the ideas of specific conservative thinkers. This article aims to review some of the existing literature, while providing insight into what a comprehensive history of the conservative sixties should also include.

publié le 03/02/2012

This text is reproduced from Ben's Guide to the US Government, a service of the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO).

Alondra Nelson, Claire Richard - publié le 09/01/2012

Claire Richard asks Alondra Nelson about a neglected and yet essential legacy of the Black Panther Party. When the party emerged in 1966, the Jim Crow laws had been dismantled and there was no legal support for discrimination in the United States, but there were still segregated practices within the healthcare sector. As the saying goes, when America has a cold, African Americans have pneumonia. The Black Panthers fought for healthcare equality as a way to achieve social justice. Alondra Nelson (...)

William Echikson, Gérard Wormser - publié le 13/12/2011

William Echikson est actuellement Directeur de Communication Europe de Google, après avoir été pendant 25 ans le correspondant européen du Christian Science Monitor, du Wall Street Journal et du Businessweek. Il répond aux questions de Gérard Wormser, professeur de philosopie à l'ENS de Lyon et directeur de la revue web Sens public, en passant en revue les innovations récentes et les grands projets de Google tels que Google Phones, Google Translator, Google Books, les voitures sans (...)

Didier Bigo, Mireille Delmas-Marty - publié le 20/09/2011

The prevention discourse, which has existed for so long has gone a step further with the belief of scientific capability to predict human behaviour by sophisticated software. It is not enough to assess possible futures, to do simulation and alternative scenarios and to guess what virtual future has the most chance to become actualised, now the professionals of security technologies want to reduce all these possible futures to only one future; often the future of the worst case scenario. And it (...)

Frédéric Robert - publié le 03/01/2011

La Nouvelle Gauche américaine occupa le devant de la scène politique américaine entre 1960 et 1970. D'abord adepte de la réforme stricto sensu, entre 1960 et 1965, elle dut se résoudre à s'engager dans la révolution (1965-1970), ce qui précipita sa désintégration. Malgré un passage relativement court dans le paysage politique américain, il est frappant de constater qu'elle a contribué, peu ou prou, à transformer la société américaine et qu'elle a servi d'inspiration, voire de (...)

Frédéric Robert - publié le 03/01/2011

Après cinq années passées à tenter de réformer la société américaine (entre 1960 et 1965) sans obtenir de véritables résultats probants, la Nouvelle Gauche américaine, particulièrement sa branche étudiante, le Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) changea radicalement de cap, renonçant ainsi à ses principes originels. Elle s'engagea ouvertement dans la révolution entre 1965 et 1970, car il s'agissait, à ses yeux, de la seule manière d'ébranler la société américaine. (...)

Frédéric Robert - publié le 03/01/2011

Lorsqu'elle émergea sur la scène politique américaine en 1960, la Nouvelle Gauche, et plus particulièrement le Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), son porte-drapeau, décida de se démarquer de la « vieille » gauche marxiste idéologique et doctrinaire. Entre 1960 et 1965, elle adopta une stratégie résolument réformatrice reposant sur un idéalisme convaincu, une spontanéité à toute épreuve et une prédilection pour les actions directes dont les résultats étaient tangibles, (...)

Frédéric Robert - publié le 18/11/2010

Sous la houlette du Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), la Nouvelle Gauche étudiante des années soixante souhaita à la fois transformer le microcosme universitaire et la société américaine dans son ensemble. L'activisme étudiant se propagea comme une traînée de poudre : les campus se soulevèrent les uns après les autres. Celui de Berkeley, en Californie, en 1964, en fut un exemple majeur. Les étudiants californiens s'opposèrent à leur université, véritable « multiversité (...)

Frédéric Robert - publié le 18/11/2010

La Nouvelle Gauche américaine est une mosaïque rassemblant différents mouvements contestataires. Elle vit le jour en 1960. Pendant ses cinq premières années d'existence, son approche fut essentiellement contestataire et réformatrice. En 1965, jugeant que ces actions n'étaient pas couronnées de succès, elle décida de s'engager ouvertement dans la désobéissance civile et la révolution, profitant de l'émoi suscité par la guerre au Vietnam. Ses principales actions révolutionnaires (...)

John Bowen, Clifford Armion - publié le 19/10/2010

Dans cet entretien accordé à la Clé des langues, John Bowen évoque la spécificité française de la laïcité. Il compare le système éducatif français au modèle américain, observant ainsi les différences de deux cultures qui semblent pourtant se rejoindre dans leur crainte de l'Islam.

Frédéric Robert - publié le 04/10/2010

Le ((Students for a Democratic Society)) (SDS), mouvement-phare des étudiants appartenant à la Nouvelle Gauche contestataire des années soixante, était le successeur de l'((Intercollegiate Socialist Society)) (ISS), organisation d'étudiants fondée en 1905 par Upton Sinclair, Clarence Darrow et Jack London...

Frédéric Robert - publié le 04/10/2010

Comment la Nouvelle Gauche américaine, courant contestataire aux facettes multiples qui a animé la scène politique américaine entre 1960 et 1972, a-t-elle vu le jour ? Quelles sont les différentes étapes qui ont conduit à son éclosion sur la scène politique américaine ? S'inscrit-elle dans une certaine tradition politico-philosophique de progrès ? En quoi se différencie-t-elle de la « vieille » gauche et en quoi incarne-t-elle une « nouvelle » politique ?

Aurélie Godet - publié le 30/08/2010

À partir d'une étude statistique des occurrences de l'expression "American dream" dans les discours présidentiels, cet article tente d'expliquer la popularité croissante de l'expression depuis sa première utilisation par Franklin Roosevelt en 1937. Il s'efforce également de voir si le contenu du rêve tel que défini par les présidents est resté le même ou s'il s'est modifié au gré de besoins politiques conjoncturels. Est-il possible, notamment, d'établir une dichotomie pertinente (...)