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‘Literary Theory’, Ideology-Critique, and Beyond

Par Saugata Bhaduri : Professeur - Jawaharlal Nehru University
Publié par Marion Coste le 23/02/2023

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This first lecture focuses on recent developments in the area of Literary Theory, or to be more specific, on how ideology critique, which would have been one of the methodological mainstays of reading literature and culture under the aegis of Literary Theory, has been challenged over the last couple of decades, in the form of post-critical and post-theoretical developments, to lead to more ‘affective’ modes of dealing with literature and culture. The move, from the late 1990s, towards literary pedagogic practices being oriented more towards affect and enjoyment has been complicated, however, over the last few years with an unforeseen rise in cybernetic cultures including the social media, the global rise of sectarianism and new-fascisms, and the unforeseen pandemic situation, having ushered discursivity and narrativity, on an unprecedented scale, into regimes of fake news and post-truth. Is there a need, therefore, to revitalize ideology critique as one of the primary modes of studying literature and culture? Or, considering that ideology is itself, by definition, false consciousness, and ideological interpellation is always connected to projections of identities, and thus identity politics, is there a need for strengthening a literary critical practice that is otherwise than ideological – premised on a robust economy of Truth and an ethical outlook of being other-regarding, rather than being sectarian and identitarian?

This talk was part of the "Lectures in English Studies" programme of the Department of English at the ENS de Lyon and was organized by Vanessa Guignery. 


Introduction 00:00
1. When and how was Literary Theory invented? 02:48
2. How do we make our methods more rigorous? 14:00
3. Defining Ideology Critique 21:07
4. The problems with Ideology Critique 27:39
5. Going beyond Ideology Critique: Love as a valid epistemology 39:23
Conclusion 49:51



Pour citer cette ressource :

Saugata Bhaduri, "‘Literary Theory’, Ideology-Critique, and Beyond", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), février 2023. Consulté le 25/07/2024. URL: https://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/litterature/litterature-postcoloniale/literary-theory-ideology-critique-and-beyond