14 September 2017 - Gay Rights Activist Edith Windsor Dies at 88
Emily Langer (The Washington Post, 13/09/2017)
Decades after the fact, the diminutive self-described “old lady” joyfully recalled the day in 1967 when the love of her life dropped to the ground and asked, “Edie Windsor, will you marry me?”
Her sweetheart presented her with a round diamond brooch. A ring would have raised too many suspicions. Her lover, Thea Spyer, was a woman, and in 1967 the notion of same-sex marriage seemed closer to fantasy than to the most remote reality.
Their engagement would last 40 years, until 2007, when the two New Yorkers were officially married in Canada. By that time, Spyer, then 75, was paralyzed from multiple sclerosis. Ms. Windsor, a retired high-ranking IBM computer programmer, was 77. Spyer had not much time to live, and they decided they could not wait on the United States for the privilege to wed.
Legalizing same-sex marriage
Molly Redden (The Guardian, 13/09/2017)
Windsor was the lead plaintiff in the 2013 US supreme court case that struck down the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996, giving gay and lesbian couples access to federal benefits and laying the foundation for the landmark decision to legalize same-sex marriage across the country in 2015.
The case was a watershed moment in the history of the United States’ LGBT rights movement.m historical photos. This is what happens in George Orwell’s classic novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, when a torturer holds up four fingers and delivers electric shocks until his prisoner sees five fingers as ordered.”
The Associated Press (The New York Times, 13/09/2017)
Love made Edith Windsor a married woman. Widowhood made her a gay rights pioneer.
Facing a big tax bill after the death of her first spouse, Windsor took on the federal law that prevented her from enjoying the same inheritance tax break she would have gotten if she was married to a man.
She took the fight to the Supreme Court, which struck down critical parts of a U.S. marriage law in a ruling that helped pave a path toward legalizing same-sex nuptials nationwide.
Richard Socarides (The New Yorker, 13/09/2017)
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"14 September 2017 - Gay Rights Activist Edith Windsor Dies at 88", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), septembre 2017. Consulté le 07/12/2023. URL: https://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2017/14-september-2017-gay-rights-activist-edith-windsor-dies-at-88