29 March 2016 - 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising
Largest ever Irish event organized to commemorate Easter Rising 1916
In one of the biggest officially-organised events ever seen in Ireland, hundreds of thousands of people all over the country gathered yesterday to mark the centenary of the Easter Rising against British rule.
The centerpoint of the celebrations was the General Post Office in downtown Dublin which was taken over on Easter Monday 1916 by the Irish revolutionary forces under the leadership of Patrick Pearse and James Connolly.
What was the Easter Rising?
Henry Farrell (The Washington Post, 27/03/2016)
Why did the Rising happen?
The Rising was the result of a resurgence of Irish nationalism in the late 19th and early 20th century. Cultural organizations such as the Gaelic Athletic Association (which promoted Irish sports such as hurling and Gaelic football) and the Gaelic League (which pushed the revival of the Irish language) helped generate a new sense of shared identity. This led to increased pressure for Home Rule (a limited form of independence) among moderate nationalists and complete independence among radicals. By 1913, Northern Unionists who opposed Irish nationalism were mobilizing against proposals for Home Rule, setting up an armed organization called the Ulster Volunteer Force.
Nigel Jones (The Telegraph, 28/03/2016)
One hundred years ago this Monday was the last occasion when a then-British city was taken over by armed fanatics bent on inflicting bloody carnage in the name of a political ideology with quasi-religious overtones.
On Easter Monday, 1916, around 1,500 armed Irish nationalists and socialists belonging to the two paramilitary organisations, the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizens' Army, seized strongpoints in central Dublin and proclaimed an Irish republic from their HQ in the city's General Post Office.
In the week of brutal violence which followed, as the British Army brought artillery to bear on the rebels, reducing much of central Dublin to smoking ruins, almost 500 people died – over half of them innocent civilians caught in the crossfire.
Henry McDonald (The Guardian, 27/03/2016)
In their black uniforms with red trim and Napoleonic shako hats, the military musicians struck up Danny Boy – a song written six years before the rebellion and one which, unusually, is held dear by nationalists and unionists, Catholics and Protestants.
The ballad, written to the tune of the older Londonderry Air, has become one of the most popular Irish songs and its choice on Easter Sunday sent out a powerful symbol that the ceremony 100 years on from the insurrection was also about looking forward to a new era of peaceful cooperation.
Pour citer cette ressource :
"29 March 2016 - 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), mars 2016. Consulté le 21/02/2024. URL: https://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2016/29-march-2016-100th-anniversary-of-the-easter-rising