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19 January 2017 - Obama Commutes Chelsea Manning's Sentence

Publié par Marion Coste le 18/01/2017
Chelsea Manning to Be Released Early as Obama Commutes Sentence
Charlie Savage (The New York Times, 17/01/2017)
President Obama on Tuesday commuted all but four months of the remaining prison sentence of Chelsea Manning, the Army intelligence analyst convicted of a 2010 leak that revealed American military and diplomatic activities across the world, disrupted Mr. Obama’s administration and brought global prominence to WikiLeaks, the recipient of those disclosures.
The decision by Mr. Obama rescued Ms. Manning, who twice tried to kill herself last year, from an uncertain future as a transgender woman incarcerated at the men’s military prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. She has been jailed for nearly seven years, and her 35-year sentence was by far the longest punishment ever imposed in the United States for a leak conviction.
At the same time that Mr. Obama commuted the sentence of Ms. Manning, a low-ranking enlisted soldier at the time of her leaks, he also pardoned James E. Cartwright, the retired Marine general and former vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff who pleaded guilty to lying about his conversations with reporters to F.B.I. agents investigating a leak of classified information about cyberattacks on Iran’s nuclear program.

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Leaking State Secrets

Chelsea Manning's prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama
Ed Pilkington, David Smith and Lauren Gambino (The Guardian, 18/01/2017)
Chelsea Manning, the US army soldier who became one of the most prominent whistleblowers of modern times when she exposed the nature of warfare in Iraq and Afghanistan, and who then went on to pay the price with a 35-year military prison sentence, is to be freed in May as a gift of outgoing president Barack Obama.
In the most audacious – and contentious – commutation decision to come from Obama yet, the sitting president used his constitutional power just three days before he leaves the White House to give Manning her freedom.
Manning, a transgender woman, will walk from a male military prison in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on 17 May, almost seven years to the day since she was arrested at a base outside Baghdad for offenses relating to the leaking of a vast trove of US state secrets to the website WikiLeaks.

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35 year sentence

Obama's dilemma on Chelsea Manning
Stephen Collinson (CNN, 18/01/2017)
It must have stuck in President Barack Obama's craw to deliver a win for WikiLeaks.
But that is effectively what he had to do to commute the 35 year sentence of Pvt. Chelsea Manning, who was convicted of committing one of the biggest and most embarrassing leaks of classified information in US history.
The move came with the hours fast running down on Obama's presidency and rocked the political, intelligence and military intelligence establishments in Washington. And it will now rest forever on the 44th President's legacy as one of the most controversial moments of his tenure, judging by the furious bipartisan reaction to his decision to free someone regarded by many in Washington as as a traitor.
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Transgender crusader

Chelsea Manning's incredible journey from leaker to transgender crusader
Tom Vanden Brook (USA Today, 17/01/2017)
Convicted national-security secret leaker Army Pvt. Chelsea Manning became the most visible face of the military’s tiny transgender population, one that came from the shadows to the forefront when the Pentagon rescinded its ban on their open service last summer.
Manning’s journey from low-level Army intelligence analyst to notoriety for disclosing national security secrets to high-profile crusader for transgender rights paralleled the growing social acceptance of the small population of Americans who don’t identify with their gender at birth. Previously known as Bradley, Manning, 29, has more than 100,000 followers on her Twitter account.
Manning, who divulged massive amounts of information to WikiLeaks, had her sentence commuted Tuesday by President Obama. She has been serving a 35-year sentence at the Army’s prison at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas and had been eligible for parole in about six years.
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"19 January 2017 - Obama Commutes Chelsea Manning's Sentence", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), janvier 2017. Consulté le 25/02/2018. URL: http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2017/19-january-2017-obama-commutes-chelsea-manning-s-sentence