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15 November 2016 - U.S. Forces May Have Committed War Crimes in Afghanistan

Publié par Marion Coste le 17/11/2016
U.S. Forces May Have Committed War Crimes in Afghanistan, Prosecutor Says
Somini Sengupta and Marlise Simons (The New York Times, 14/11/2016)
The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court said Monday that she had a “reasonable basis to believe” that American soldiers committed war crimes in Afghanistan, including torture.
The international prosecutor has been considering whether to begin a full-fledged investigation into potential war crimes in Afghanistan for years. In Monday’s announcement, the prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, signaled that a full investigation was likely.
Still, the prosecutor did not announce a final decision on an investigation, which would have to be approved by judges, and it is unlikely that the United States will cooperate.

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Alleged Crimes

Hague: U.S. Forces May Have Committed War Crimes in Afghanistan, Elsewhere
Reuters (Newsweek, 14/11/2016)
Prosecutors at the International Criminal Court in The Hague said on Monday there were preliminary grounds to believe U.S. forces committed war crimes in Afghanistan and at secret detention facilities elsewhere in 2003 and 2004.
In a report, prosecutors said there was a "reasonable basis to believe" that U.S. forces had tortured prisoners in Afghanistan and at Central Intelligence Agency detention facilities elsewhere in 2003 and 2004.
"Members of US armed forces appear to have subjected at least 61 detained persons to torture," the prosecutors' office, wrote. It added that CIA officials appeared to have tortured another 27 detainees.

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Use of torture

ICC: U.S. Forces and CIA Operatives May Have Tortured Detainees in Afghanistan
Mahita Gajanan (Time Magazine, 14/11/2016)
Members of the U.S. armed forces and the CIA may have committed war crimes by torturing detainees in Afghanistan, International Criminal Court prosecutors said in a report issued on Monday.
According to the report, U.S. armed forces personnel “appear to have subjected at least 61 detained persons to torture” in Afghanistan, mostly between 2003 and 2004. During the same time period, CIA operatives may have tortured 27 detainees in Afghanistan and other areas.
Prosecutors will decide “imminently” whether to seek permission to launch a full-scale investigation in Afghanistan, the Associated Press reports. While the U.S. is not a member of the court, the country’s citizens can face prosecution if they commit crimes in the countries that do belong, like Afghanistan.
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'Outrages upon personal dignity'

'War crimes of torture': ICC prosecutor signals charges against US armed forces, CIA
Reuters (Reuters, 14/11/2016)
The US may have committed war crimes of torture, cruel treatment and rape, when it interrogated dozens of people in Afghanistan between 2003 and 2014, the International Criminal Court’s chief prosecutor said.
The International Criminal Court's preliminary probe of the US armed forces and CIA activities in Afghanistan between 2003 and 2004 shows there to be a “reasonable basis to believe that, in the course of interrogating these detainees … members of the US armed forces and the US Central Intelligence Agency resorted to techniques amounting to the commission of the war crimes of torture, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity, and rape,” chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said, according to the AFP.
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"15 November 2016 - U.S. Forces May Have Committed War Crimes in Afghanistan", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), novembre 2016. Consulté le 21/07/2019. URL: http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2016/15-november-2016-u-s-forces-may-have-committed-war-crimes-in-afghanistan