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09 December 2016 - John Glenn, first American to orbit the Earth, dies at 95

Publié par Marion Coste le 12/09/2016
John Glenn, American Hero of the Space Age, Dies at 95
John Noble Wilford (The New York Times, 08/12/2016)
John Glenn, a freckle-faced son of Ohio who was hailed as a national hero and a symbol of the space age as the first American to orbit Earth, then became a national political figure for 24 years in the Senate, died on Thursday in Columbus, Ohio. He was 95.
Ohio State University announced his death. Mr. Glenn had recently been hospitalized at the university at the James Cancer Center, though Ohio State officials said at the time that admission there did not necessarily mean he had cancer. He had heart-valve replacement surgery in 2014 and a stroke around that time.
He had kept an office at the John Glenn College of Public Affairs, which he helped found, and also had a home in Columbus.

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First American to orbit the Earth

John Glenn Dead At 95: He Served His Country In War And In Space
Ryan Grenoble (The Huffington Post, 08/12/2016)
ohn Glenn, an astronaut, senator and old-fashioned American hero, died Thursday at the age of 95.
Glenn was the last survivor of the Mercury 7, selected in 1959 as NASA’s first group of astronauts. He became the first American to orbit the Earth on Feb. 20, 1962. It was a solo flight, not everything went as planned in space, and Glenn personified cool under pressure.
Those nerves had earlier served him well as a much-decorated veteran of two wars and a military test pilot ― and perhaps they came in handy later in his 24 years in the U.S. Senate representing his native state of Ohio.

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Mercury 7

Who were the Mercury 7 astronauts?
(USA Today, 08/12/2016)
On April 9, 1959, NASA introduced its first astronaut class: the Mercury 7.
The seven members made history, and became the subject of fascination and adoration.
John Glenn, who died Thursday at age 95, was the last surviving member of the group.
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First astronauts

John Glenn and the courage of the Mercury Seven
Sarah Kaplan (The Washington Post, 08/12/2016)
“Some fine early morning before another summer has come, one man chosen from the calmly intent seven . . . will embark on the greatest adventure man has ever dared to take. Dressed in an all-covering suit to protect him from explosive changes in pressure, strapped into a form-fitting couch to cushion him against the crushing forces of acceleration, surrounded in his tiny chamber by all manner of instruments designed to bring him safely home, he will catapult upward at the head of a rocket for more than 100 miles and then plunge down into the Atlantic Ocean. If he survives, he will be come the heroic symbol of a historic triumph; he will be the first American, perhaps the first man, to be rocketed into the dark stillness of space. If he does not survive, one of his six remaining comrades will go next.”
This is how, in September 1959, Life Magazine introduced the Mercury Seven — NASA's first astronauts. At that point, no person had even attempted to reach space. Rockets routinely blew up on the launchpad. Most of the animals sent into space didn't come back alive. There was no guarantee that the project would work. Yet these men had volunteered to be strapped into a rocket and blasted off the only planet humanity has ever known.
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"09 December 2016 - John Glenn, first American to orbit the Earth, dies at 95", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), septembre 2016. Consulté le 20/06/2019. URL: http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2016/09-december-2016-john-glenn-first-american-to-orbit-the-earth-dies-at-95