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14 December 2015 - Climate deal reached at COP21 talks

Publié par Marion Coste le 14/12/2015

Nearly 200 Nations Adopt Climate Agreement At COP21 Talks In Paris

Bill Chappell (NPR, 12/12/2015)

In what supporters are calling a historic achievement, 196 nations attending the COP21 climate meetings outside Paris voted to adopt an agreement Saturday that covers both developed and developing countries. Their respective governments will now need to adopt the deal.
Presenting the plan aimed at curbing global warming ahead of Saturday's vote, France's Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told the delegations, "You go into this room to decide a historic agreement. The world holds its breath and it counts on you."
The agreement, which was publicly released Saturday morning (ET), sets the goal of limiting the world's rise in average temperature to "well below 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius."

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Compromise

Paris climate change agreement: the world's greatest diplomatic success
Fiona Harvey (The Guardian, 14/12/2015)
In the final meeting of the Paris talks on climate change on Saturday night, the debating chamber was full and the atmosphere tense. Ministers from 196 countries sat behind their country nameplates, aides flocking them, with observers packed into the overflowing hall.
John Kerry, the US secretary of state, talked animatedly with his officials, while China’s foreign minister Xie Zhenhua wore a troubled look. They had been waiting in this hall for nearly two hours. The French hosts had trooped in to take their seats on the stage, ready to applaud on schedule at 5.30pm – but it was now after 7pm, and the platform was deserted.
After two weeks of fraught negotiations, was something going badly wrong?

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Shall and Should
Paris COP21: How the use of word 'shall' could have derailed climate change deal
Urmi Goswami(The Economic Times, 13/12/2015)
It could have been Kyoto revisited. An "error" that could have seen the United States walking away from a deal that it had worked on and negotiated assiduously.
The use of "shall", a stronger expression of legal obligation instead of "should", a less stringent expression was something of deal breaker for the US.
A clause (Article 4.4) in the draft final agreement, circulated to all countries earlier in the afternoon, which set out the obligations of countries to reduce emissions, states that developed countries "shall" continue taking lead by undertaking economy-wide absolute emission reduction targets" while developing countries "should" continue enhancing their mitigation efforts.
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Not legally binding

COP21: Climate deal’s challenges dawn on world capitals
Pilita Clark (The Financial Times, 13/10/2015)
Envoys were still waiting their turn to speak about the climate accord they had just adopted on the outskirts of Paris on Saturday night when the implications of the agreement began to hit home in capitals around the world.
This is because the new pact goes further than the last two international climate accords struck in 1992 and 1997 in several important ways.
While it does not contain legally binding requirements for wealthy countries to meet specific targets to cut their emissions — as the 1997 Kyoto protocol did — it does oblige virtually every country, rich or poor, to set out what it is going to do about its greenhouse gas emissions every five years, with a proposed starting date of 2020.
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"14 December 2015 - Climate deal reached at COP21 talks", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), décembre 2015. Consulté le 12/04/2021. URL: http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/key-story/archives-revue-de-presse-2015/14-december-2015-climate-deal-reached-at-cop21-talks