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Giving Voice in Mike Lew’s Teenage Dick: Disability in a Modern Rewriting of Richard III par Méline Dumot, publié le 09/10/2020
This article examines a contemporary rewriting of Shakespeare’s Richard III by Chinese-American playwright Mike Lew. In his play Teenage Dick (2018), Lew gives a new voice to Shakespeare’s well-known villain. Noticing that one of the most famous disabled characters in theatre history is rarely – if ever – performed by a disabled actor, Lew centers his play on Richard’s experience as a disabled teenager. The play questions our current vision of disability, both in the theatrical world and in our society. This article explores the ways in which Lew adapts the Shakespearean legacy to produce a new narrative and envisions the concept of accessibility in multiple ways.
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Mary Cassatt, a modern approach to the painting of domestic life par Louise Bailly, publié le 07/09/2020
Mary Cassatt was a major figure of transatlantic artistic exchanges, the only American who exhibited her paintings alongside the Impressionists in Paris. A strong independent woman and a truly talented artist, Cassatt thought that “Women should be someone and not something.” Although she was considered one of the greatest painters of her time in America and spent sixty years of her life in France, she was long forgotten there after she died.
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Mobility and Immobility in Colm Tóibín’s Brooklyn: Migration as a Static Initiatory Journey par Coline Pavia, publié le 01/07/2020
Colm Tóibín’s Brooklyn centres on Eilis Lacey’s migration from Ireland to Brooklyn. The protagonist’s spatial mobility is accompanied by an identity change, as her self evolves when she settles in New York. Although she embarks on an initiatory journey through migration, Eilis faces various forms of immobility: the American territory resembles Ireland, and she is confronted to family duty when she thought she would escape it. This article therefore shows that the protagonist’s migration in Brooklyn is paradoxically mainly static, in terms of both space and identity. However, Eilis’s mobility still fosters a form of inner transformation as she is faced with a division between her Irish and American homes and between two selves that are irreconcilable.
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La disparition des bisons des Grandes Plaines nord-américaines par Frédéric Moreau, publié le 14/05/2020
Ce texte est la traduction du chapitre "The Vanishing New World", tiré de l'ouvrage Beyond Geography: The Western Spirit against the Wilderness de Frederick Turner. Dans cet extrait, l'auteur évoque le rapport des colons au bison, animal emblématique réduit à un trophée de chasse ou exploité de manière industrielle, au cours du 19ème siècle dans les Grandes Plaines nord-américaines.
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“Television is more suited to tell women’s stories”: A conversation with Frances McDormand par Frances McDormand, publié le 23/03/2020
Frances McDormand, an American actress and producer, was invited to the Festival Lumière in Lyon in 2019. She gave a Masterclass in which she talked about being an actress in Hollywood, gender representation and the inclusion rider.
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War, Catharsis, Peace: Ancient Greek Visions and 21st Century Violence par Christine Froula, publié le 12/03/2020
This presentation brings together an American play and an American film inspired by Greek plays: Aeschylus’s Suppliants and Aristophanes’s Lysistrata. Charles Mee’s gripping drama Big Love (2000) animates the plot of The Suppliants to explore the violence of the American socio-economic sex/gender system, moving from male violence to female violence to catharsis to peace. The title of Spike Lee’s brilliant, urgent, visionary utopian film Chi-Raq (2015) names Chicago’s horrific neighborhood gang wars and America’s imperial violence in one angry word and empowers its heroine, Lysistrata, to organize the neighborhood women to seize arms, treasure and the power of language in order to stop the gang warfare that, in real life as in the film, destroys children and young men in our city every day.
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"Ideas don't exist, except within emotions": Interview with Joshua Cohen par Joshua Cohen, Benjamin Ferguson, publié le 20/12/2019
Joshua Cohen is an American writer and literary critic, whose first collection of essays, ATTENTION: Dispatches from a Land of Distraction (2019) explores the notion of attention in today's society. In this interview, Joshua Cohen talks about writing for a global readership, being a novelist in the age of non-fiction, the effects of #MeToo on literary production and the invention of facts.
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All men are created equal? Barack Obama and the American Revolution par Steven Sarson, publié le 28/03/2019
Barack Obama believes that the American nation's founding documents—the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution (including the Bill of Rights)—have been the driving forces of American history and remain the foundations of American politics today. In this talk we will explore Obama's analyses of these documents and of their legacies since, in particular in relation to slavery, the Civil War, Jim Crow, and Civil Rights. We will look at the words of Barack Obama, as derived from his writings and speeches, and also at historical sources from the time of the American Revolution, through the Civil War, and to the Civil Rights era.
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Race and the three phases of the American Revolution par Olivier Richomme, publié le 25/03/2019
The American Revolution, the Civil War and Reconstruction period, along with the Civil Rights era can be seen as three phases of the same struggle for racial equality in the U.S. The Declaration of Independence established the revolutionary ideal of equality among men. This promise was not fulfilled by the Reconstruction Amendments. Some might argue that the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 the Voting Rights did not bring about true racial equality. In a sense, the American Revolution can be envisioned as a work in progress.
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Donald Trump's First State of the Union Address par Marion Coste, publié le 31/01/2018
Cette transcription du discours prononcé par Donald Trump devant le Congrès des États-Unis le 30 janvier 2018 est issue du site officiel de la Maison Blanche. La division en parties, ajoutée par la Clé des langues, est destinée à faciliter la recherche d'extraits qui pourraient faire l'objet d'un travail en classe. Une sélection d'articles de presse est également proposée en fin de ressource.
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Broken Arrow / La flèche brisée (Delmer Daves - 1950) et Devil's Doorway / La porte du diable (Anthony Mann – 1950) par Lionel Gerin, publié le 09/10/2017
En juillet 1950 sort Broken Arrow, premier western de Delmer Daves. En septembre de la même année sort Devil's Doorway, premier western d'Anthony Mann. Coïncidence ? Quelque chose semble être dans l'air et le genre est peut-être mûr pour une nouvelle approche de la représentation des amérindiens.
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William Finnegan on Memory and Non-Fiction par William Finnegan, publié le 09/10/2017
A l'occasion des Assises Internationales du Roman (2017), William Finnegan a écrit un texte sur la mémoire et la non-fiction.
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Elephant* (Alan Clarke - 1989 / Gus Van Sant - 2003) par Lionel Gerin, publié le 15/06/2017
Au début des années 2000, on propose à Gus Van Sant, metteur en scène américain, de réaliser un long-métrage à partir de la tuerie de Columbine, alors le dernier "school shooting" qui a choqué l'Amérique.
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American Transcendentalism - Texts, context and legacy par Clifford Armion, publié le 24/11/2015
Clifford Armion propose dans cette conférence, donnée aux élèves de CPGE à l'Institution des Chartreux, une contextualisation du transcendantalisme américain. Sa présentation s'attache à présenter et définir ce mouvement, à détailler son influence sur la conception de l'éducation aux Etats-Unis et à analyser son rapport avec la nature. Elle s'appuie sur de nombreux extraits de textes fondateurs du transcendantalisme.
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Taiye Selasi: On Emotions par Taiye Selasi, publié le 31/08/2015
How do writers succeed in submerging us in situations so unlike our own lives? I would argue that, as a reader, I have yet to encounter a situation in literature "unlike" my life. The demographic details may differ: Charlotte is a spider, I am a human; Teju Cole's narrators are men, I am a woman; many of Toni Morrison's characters are mothers, I am not. The list of things that I am not is long: white, male, a parent, a soldier, Chinese-speaking, South American, a witness to any war.
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Meritocracy (David Samuels) par David Samuels, publié le 11/06/2015
“Meritocracy” is the comic honorific that the American elite has awarded to itself in recognition of its accomplishments since the end of the Cold War. The coinage has proved to be a lasting and significant one because it does so many kinds of necessary work at once. “Meritocracy” assuages the inherent tension that exists between the terms “elite” and “popular democracy” by suggesting that the new American elite has earned its position in an entirely democratic way. Yes, we do have an elite, the word admits, as other nations do: but our elite merely consists of the most “meritorious” members of our democracy, and so any potentially troubling contradiction dissolves in a pleasurable way that both the early Puritans and their plutocratic descendents might easily recognize. The fortunes of the founders of Google and Facebook provide us with reassuring proof that the more we have, the more deserving we are.
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Variations et innovations phonétiques en anglais américain par Olivier Glain, publié le 16/03/2015
Un article pour découvrir les spécificités du General American et ses variations régionales, ainsi que ses évolutions phonétiques récentes.
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David Treuer: Forgotten World / Forgotten Words par David Treuer, publié le 18/09/2014
We speak confidently and playfully about the “death of the author” but not one wants to seriously consider the death of literature. But this is precisely what we risk when we treat literature as ethnography, or worse, as the last living remnants of what seem to be vanishing cultures. We don’t read novels, at any rate, to educate ourselves. Or if we do we shouldn’t. And if we do commit this soul error we don’t enjoy novels because of the information they contain. Rather, we enjoy them, we clutch novels to our very souls because they move us, surprise us, transport us, entertain us, shock us, and (ultimately) trick us into caring about people and places that don’t exist and never existed.
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American Indians - A conversation with David Treuer par David Treuer, Clifford Armion, publié le 08/09/2014
David Treuer took part in the eighth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. He answered our questions on his involvement in the protection of Indian culture.
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The gun control debate in the US par James B. Jacobs, Claire Richard, publié le 08/04/2014
I consider myself a gun control skeptic. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. I don’t think that will happen. There is no magic bullet, if you can excuse the phrase, that will change American violence, but the good news is that it has been reduced substantially over the last 25 years....
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Remembering 9/11 - Politics of Memory par Marita Sturken, Claire Richard, publié le 31/03/2014
One of the reasons I was interested in trying to unpack the meanings of kitsch memory culture, say for instance in relationship to 9/11, is precisely the ways in which it creates this culture of comfort, that allows us to feel reassured. And that allows us to not confront the larger questions, about the project of American empire, about the project of national identity, about our priorities and our values as a nation, and about the kind of sacrifices that we have demanded on those serving in the armed forces, and all of the ways in which many families and many communities were really devastated by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
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Angela Davis posters par Clifford Armion, publié le 07/02/2014
On October 13, 1970, Angela Davis was arrested in New York City by FBI agents. She soon became a global icon suggesting freedom, resilience, and the struggle for equality. Her image was used to illustrate many causes that sometimes had little to do with racial discrimination or the American Civil Rights movement.
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Going Solo par Eric Klinenberg, publié le 19/02/2013
About five years ago I started working on a book that I planned to call ALONE IN AMERICA. My original idea was to write a book that would sound an alarm about a disturbing trend: the unprecedented rise of living alone. I was motivated by my belief that the rise of living alone is a profound social change – the greatest change of the past 60 years that we have failed to name or identify. Consider that, until the 1950s, not a single human society in the history of our species sustained large numbers of people living alone for long periods of time. Today, however, living alone is ubiquitous in affluent, open societies. In some nations, one-person households are now more common than nuclear families who share the same roof. Consider America. In 1950, only 22 percent of American adults were single, and only 9 percent of all households had just one occupant. Today, 49 percent of American adults are single, and 28 percent of all households have one, solitary resident.
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Some thoughts on silence and the contemporary “investigative memoir” par Marco Roth, publié le 06/12/2012
Critics and readers, at least in the United States, seem to be slower to recognize the investigative memoir as a narrative mode deserving of attention as such. The American memoir comes burdened with a history of survivor’s tales and evangelical Protestant redemption stories: the writer is usually delivered from bondage: slavery or captivity in the 19th century, Communism, Nazi Europe, or “substance abuse” in the 20th, and into freedom or the light of truth. THE END. Testifying, in both legal and religious senses, is important. Important too is the sense that the author can be written into a social order, given a normal or productive life...
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The cultural perception of the American land: a short history par Mireille Chambon-Pernet, publié le 20/11/2012
The importance of land and nature in the American culture is widely known. The Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the coast of the Massachussetts in 1620 were looking for freedom which was both spiritual and material. The latter derived from land ownership, as a landowner called no man master. Yet, in 1893, Jackson Turner announced that: “the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower” “ It came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier”.
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“Break On Through (to the Other Side)”: An Overview of The Historiography of U.S. Conservatism in the Sixties par Aurélie Godet, publié le 30/04/2012
Since the 1990s, a new generation of American historians has been exploring the “other,” counter-countercultural side of the 1960s, focusing on either the higher echelons of conservative power, the work of conservative militants at the grassroots, or on the ideas of specific conservative thinkers. This article aims to review some of the existing literature, while providing insight into what a comprehensive history of the conservative sixties should also include.
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The Neurosciences and Literature: an “exquisite corpse” or a “meeting of the minds”? par Lionel Naccache, publié le 16/02/2012
In the context of the Walls and Bridges project in New York, a meeting has been organized for October between an American novelist - Siri Hustvedt - and a French neuroscientist on the topic of "fiction," both mental and literary. This will obviously be the time to ask ourselves: can we imagine a promising future for meetings between the neurosciences of cognition and the world of literary creation? Is this merely the random juxtaposition of two terms to which we are attached, or the genuine dialectical culmination of self-consciousness? An amusing, trendy quid pro quo, or a key moment in our knowledge of ourselves as tale tellers?
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The Need to See and the Will not to Know - How we deal with catastrophes par Craig Calhoun, Jean-Pierre Dupuy, Eric Klinenberg, Michel Lussault, Nicholas Mirzoeff, publié le 20/01/2012
Au cours de l'année écoulée, un groupe d'éminents sociologues français et américains se sont rencontrés à Lyon et à New York à plusieurs reprises. Il s'agissait d'explorer notre intérêt culturel pour les catastrophes récentes et l'émergence de certaines menaces sur notre climat, nos villes et nos communautés ; de sonder notre désir d'en savoir plus ou, au contraire, de rester dans l'ignorance. Les cinq chercheurs présenteront le résultat de leur réflexion à l'occasion de cette soirée à l'IPK. During one year leading French and American social scientists met several times in Lyon and New York to explore our cultural interest in knowing and not knowing about recent catastrophes and emerging threats to our climate, cities, and communities. They will share the result of their reflection.
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Conscious and Unconscious Narrative Literature, Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience par Siri Hustvedt, Lionel Naccache, publié le 20/01/2012
Nous passons une grande partie de notre vie à élaborer des fictions, à nous raconter des histoires et à en raconter aux autres. La narration est profondément enracinée dans l'esprit humain, à un niveau à la fois conscient et inconscient. Produire une narration est une façon de donner du sens à l'expérience factuelle. Mais les fictions créées par le cerveau humain et celles que les romanciers imaginent sont-elles de même nature ? L'écrivain américain Siri Hustvedt et le neurobiologiste français Lionel Naccache exprimeront leurs points de vue originaux, pénétrants et empathiques sur cette question. We all spend our time constructing fictions, telling stories to ourselves and to others. Narration is deeply rooted in the human mind, at a conscious and unconscious level. Producing a narrative is a way of giving meaning to factual experience. Are the fictions created by the human brain and those imagined by novelists of the same nature? American writer Siri Hustvedt and French neurobiologist Lionel Naccache express their original, incisive and empathetic views on these questions.
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Screening Identities - Danny Glover in conversation with Manthia Diawara par Manthia Diawara, Danny Glover, Avital Ronell, publié le 20/01/2012
Manthia Diawara et Danny Glover exploreront, d'un point de vue thématique et existentiel, comment les relations se forment et s'exportent au cinéma. Comment les relations sont-elles représentées et selon quels codes d'acquiescement ou de révolte, de désir ou de dégoût, de nécessité ou de chance les rencontres sont-elles thématisées dans les films africains ou africains américains ? Quels sont les dessous de l'histoire et les affinités secrètes qui ont encouragé ou freiné l'émergence de l'art cinématographique noir africain et américain ? Messrs Diawara and Glover will be exploring, on a thematic and existential register, the way relations are formed and uprooted in cinema. How are relations depicted, and according to what codes of presumed compliance or revolt, desire or disgust, necessity or chance, in the encounters that are thematized in African and African-American film? What are some of the back-stories and unrecorded affinities that have enabled or disturbed the emergence of the Black cinematic art?
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Beauty Contest - Human Beauty and its Social Construction par François Chaignaud, Jon-Jon Goulian, Silke Grabinger, Gressett Salette, publié le 20/01/2012
Les arts visuels, la mode et les médias ont largement contribué à la transformation de la notion de beauté au cours des dernières générations - la beauté ayant été traditionnellement perçue comme une extension de la féminité jusqu'à la fin du XXe siècle. Le féminisme et les mouvements gay, lesbien et queer ont brouillé les définitions de ce qui (et qui) est beau et ou ce qui (et qui) ne l'est pas. Les intervenants exploreront les réflexions et pratiques émancipatrices ayant contribué à révéler les structures cachées de la répression dans les domaines du genre, de la race et de l'âge, et ébranlé certains préjugés iconographiques obsolètes. Visual arts, fashion and media have strongly contributed to the transformation of the notion of beauty over the last few generations. Widely perceived of as an extension of femininity until the late 20th century, feminism and the gay, lesbian and queer movements have eroded clear definitions of who and what is beautiful - and who and what is not. French historian, dancer and choreographer François Chaignaud, American author of The Man in the Grey Flannel Skirt Jon-Jon Goulian, Austrian dancer and choreographer Silke Grabinger, and Salette Gressett, curatorial advisor for the exhibition at the Austrian Cultural Forum, will discuss how emancipatory artistic reflection and practice has fought to reveal the hidden structures of repression toward gender, race, and age and shake off antiquated visual preconceptions.
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Sonic Affinities par Jay Gottlieb, publié le 20/01/2012
En jouant, littéralement, avec la notion d'« affinités » et ses amples résonances, Jay Gottlieb a élaboré un programme constitué de morceaux des compositeurs desquels il se sent proche, en incorporant les relations variées que ces compositeurs ont avec leur matériau sonique.Il a créé, par exemple, une vaste sculpture de sons qui inclut des passages des dix symphonies de Mahler. Il jouera aussi des morceaux de Donatoni, qui montre comment les affinités peuvent être instables ; de Berio, qui joue brillamment avec le temps libre et le temps mesuré ; de Crumb, le transcendantaliste moderne américain, qui montre qu'il existe de l'unité dans la diversité ; d'Ohana, dont les contrepoints libres se déploient de manière organique et s'amalgament à loisir ; et de Mantovani enfin, qui, comme Mahler, allie la musique de concert la plus exigeante à des moments de pure exubérance. Literally playing with the notion of "affinities" with its vast resonances, Jay Gottlieb has constructed a program not only of works by composers with whom he feels a particular bond, but also incorporating the diverse relationships of the chosen composers with their sonic material. He created for instance a vast sound sculpture that incorporates moments from all of Malher's ten symphonies. He will also play pieces by Donatoni, who shows how affinities can be volatile, Berio, who brilliantly manipulates free time versus measured time, Crumb, the modern American transcendentalist, who demonstrates the unity in diversity, Ohana, whose free counterpoints unfold organically and amalgamate as they will, and Mantovani, who, like Mahler, fuses the most exigent concert music with moments of carefree ebullience.
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Publishing during the Harlem Renaissance par Cécile Cottenet , publié le 18/02/2011
This article proposes to present the American literary and publishing scene of the 1920s, that favored the publication of Langston Hughes's first two volumes of poetry, The Weary Blues (1926) and Fine Clothes to the Jew (1927). I will first attempt to define the Harlem Renaissance, its temporal boundaries and leading figures, before highlighting the particular nexus of magazine editors, white patrons and publishers, that contributed to the flowering of the New Negro movement.
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Le rêve américain dans la rhétorique présidentielle américaine moderne (1937-2010) par Aurélie Godet , publié le 30/08/2010
À partir d'une étude statistique des occurrences de l'expression "American dream" dans les discours présidentiels, cet article tente d'expliquer la popularité croissante de l'expression depuis sa première utilisation par Franklin Roosevelt en 1937. Il s'efforce également de voir si le contenu du rêve tel que défini par les présidents est resté le même ou s'il s'est modifié au gré de besoins politiques conjoncturels. Est-il possible, notamment, d'établir une dichotomie pertinente entre « rêve américain démocrate » et « rêve américain républicain » ? Notre conclusion sera que la référence au rêve, si elle a bien une portée délibérative, s'apparente surtout à une ressource rhétorique destinée à accroître l'avantage du président dans le jeu politique.
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The spoken word and the written word in Paul Auster’s The Brooklyn Follies par Catherine Pesso-Miquel, publié le 16/10/2009
This article analyses the construction of voices in Paul Auster’s The Brooklyn Follies, in which the paradoxical relationship between printed signs on a page and phonemes uttered by human bodies is fore-grounded. Auster revels in creating lively dialogues that are carefully inscribed within a particular voice through the use of didascalia, but he also celebrates the physicality and euphony of a narrative voice which navigates between elegiac lyricism and sharp-witted humour. The Brooklyn Follies, like all Auster’s books, is a book about books, but this one is also a book about tales and story-telling, about speech and silence, and the very American tradition of tall tales.
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Littérature et société aux Etats-Unis : 1917-1968 par Alice Béja , publié le 27/11/2008
Cet article propose un regard sur la littérature américaine du 20e siècle dans son rapport à l'idée d'Amérique. Les guerres et crises que traversent les Etats-Unis au cours de la période 1917-1968 contribuent à une dégradation de l'"American Dream" en "American way of life" à laquelle les écrivains américains réagissent en recherchant de nouvelles origines pour construire, en fin de compte, leur propre idée d'Amérique.
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Les grands courants de la politique étrangère américaine : De l'isolationnisme à l'internationalisme par François Devoto, publié le 01/09/2008
Devoto montre l'influence de la doctrine Monroe, du concept destinée manifeste (manifest destiny) et du mythe de la frontière (frontier) sur la politique étrangère américaine, isolationniste puis interventionniste.
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Conservatism in American Political Culture: the Example of Irving Kristol par Aurélie Godet , publié le 04/05/2007
Aurélie Godet s'interroge ici sur le statut de l'idéologie conservatrice aux Etats-Unis, remettant en cause l'idée d'une tradition conservatrice ancrée dans le pays au profit d'une idéologie qui se développe en réaction à une conjoncture sociale ou économique particulière.
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