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Question d'actualité - Voice to Parliament referendum in Australia par Marion Coste, publié le 10/10/2023
On the 14th of October 2023, Australian voters will be called upon to participate in the Voice to Parliament referendum, which proposes to enshrine in the Constitution an Indigenous voice to parliament. La Clé des langues has selected a number of articles, videos and fact sheets in order to better understand this historic national vote.
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All men are created equal? Barack Obama and the American Revolution par Steven Sarson, publié le 28/03/2019
Barack Obama believes that the American nation's founding documents—the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution (including the Bill of Rights)—have been the driving forces of American history and remain the foundations of American politics today. In this talk we will explore Obama's analyses of these documents and of their legacies since, in particular in relation to slavery, the Civil War, Jim Crow, and Civil Rights. We will look at the words of Barack Obama, as derived from his writings and speeches, and also at historical sources from the time of the American Revolution, through the Civil War, and to the Civil Rights era.
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Race and the three phases of the American Revolution par Olivier Richomme, publié le 25/03/2019
The American Revolution, the Civil War and Reconstruction period, along with the Civil Rights era can be seen as three phases of the same struggle for racial equality in the U.S. The Declaration of Independence established the revolutionary ideal of equality among men. This promise was not fulfilled by the Reconstruction Amendments. Some might argue that the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 the Voting Rights did not bring about true racial equality. In a sense, the American Revolution can be envisioned as a work in progress.
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Du « style national » à l’ambition universaliste : la politique étrangère des Etats-Unis selon le Gulliver Empêtré de Stanley Hoffmann - Compte-rendu de lecture par Tamara Boussac, publié le 14/01/2016
En 1968, l’universitaire franco-américain Stanley Hoffmann publiait un ouvrage fondamental dans l’analyse de la politique étrangère américaine au 20ème siècle. Ecrit à l’une des heures les plus critiques de la Guerre Froide, Gulliver Empêtré est à bien des égards le produit de son époque. Les Etats-Unis, dont l’armée s’enlisait au Vietnam dans une guerre impopulaire et inconstitutionnelle, voyaient s’achever l’administration du libéral Lyndon Johnson sur fond de poussée électorale d’un parti républicain promettant de garantir la victoire du monde libre sur le soviétisme. Les dirigeants américains se rangeaient volontiers derrière un discours de puissance structuré par la confrontation idéologique des Etats-Unis avec le bloc soviétique.
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Ireland’s political life during the Famine: Election, constitutionalism and revolution par Anne-Catherine de Bouvier, publié le 07/03/2015
This article aims at exploring the available means of political response in Ireland to the issue of the Famine. What comes first to mind is the case of the representative function, democratic, or approximately so, by the standards of the day; i. e., parliamentary activity. Compiling the records of all individual Irish MPs in Parliament over the period is a tempting intellectual task but clearly beyond the scope of this paper; instead, I approach electoral activity during the period, since elections provide the opportunity of assessment of past contributions, and of confrontation. In the specific context of the Famine, theoretically at least, Irish MPs at Westminster were instrumental in bringing about a better knowledge of what was going on – and indeed some did so in quite a sustained, articulate, and often humane manner. Conversely, elections are moments in a country’s life when voters can take their representatives to account; and clearly, there was much to account for.
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The Myth of Concordia par Nadia Urbinati, publié le 23/02/2015
The place of God in the constitution has been one of the most sensitive issues in the debate on the constitutional treaty of the European Union, and has influenced the process of ratification. In the five decades since the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957, European leaders have tried to build a united Europe on a secular foundation of treaties and economic regulations. These no longer seem to be adequate to the task. Lately, efforts have been made to include another factor – religion...
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The gun control debate in the US par James B. Jacobs, Claire Richard, publié le 08/04/2014
I consider myself a gun control skeptic. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. I don’t think that will happen. There is no magic bullet, if you can excuse the phrase, that will change American violence, but the good news is that it has been reduced substantially over the last 25 years....
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