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Macbeth (Charles Lamb) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 03/07/2013
Cette page retranscrit la version de Macbeth issue de l'ouvrage "Tales from Shakespeare". Ce recueil, écrit par Charles et Mary Lamb en 1807 est un livre pour enfants très connu en Angleterre. Chaque histoire suit fidèlement la pièce originale, citant parfois précisément le texte de Shakespeare. Les histoires sont cependant plus courtes que les pièces, car elles adoptent une narration en prose, et que les intrigues secondaires sont parfois raccourcies. Le niveau de langue est évidemment également simplifié.
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Hamlet (Charles Lamb) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 03/07/2013
Cette page retranscrit la version de Hamlet issue de l'ouvrage "Tales from Shakespeare". Ce recueil, écrit par Charles et Mary Lamb en 1807 est un livre pour enfants très connu en Angleterre. Chaque histoire suit fidèlement la pièce originale, citant parfois précisément le texte de Shakespeare. Les histoires sont cependant plus courtes que les pièces, car elles adoptent une narration en prose, et que les intrigues secondaires sont parfois raccourcies. Le niveau de langue est évidemment également simplifié.
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King Lear (Charles Lamb) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 03/07/2013
Cette page retranscrit la version du Roi Lear issue de l'ouvrage "Tales from Shakespeare". Ce recueil, écrit par Charles et Mary Lamb en 1807 est un livre pour enfants très connu en Angleterre. Chaque histoire suit fidèlement la pièce originale, citant parfois précisément le texte de Shakespeare. Les histoires sont cependant plus courtes que les pièces, car elles adoptent une narration en prose, et que les intrigues secondaires sont parfois raccourcies. Le niveau de langue est évidemment également simplifié.
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Madness in Shakespeare par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 02/07/2013
La folie est un thème récurrent dans l'oeuvre de Shakespeare. Ce dossier propose une sélection de textes et de peintures en relation avec ses tragédies les plus célèbres (Hamlet, Macbeth et le Roi Lear), accompagnée d'exercices de compréhension et/ou d'analyse d'image (ce dossier fait partie du programme de Littérature étrangère en langue étrangère - LELE). .
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Shakespeare’s The Rape of Lucrece: the wound that cannot heal par Clifford Armion, publié le 17/09/2010
In Shakespeare's works, the assaults on the body and the marks they leave in the flesh constitute a complex form of language. The key, or the code, to this language is to be found in the culture which Shakespeare shared with his first audiences. Among other elements, this shared culture includes religious and secular imagery, medical practices and artistic conventions. This article focuses on one particular wound: the wound of rape and the symbolic scar which results from the loss of chastity. In The Rape of Lucrece, rape is described as a wound which cannot heal, a wound which corrupts the inner body of a woman, in turn threatening her soul with corruption.
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Shakespeare's 400th anniversary - Resources par Marion Coste, publié le 26/04/2016
La Clé des langues lance une nouvelle rubrique, "Questions d'actualité", qui apporte un éclairage ponctuel sur divers sujets de société. Pour inaugurer cette rubrique, la Clé vous propose une sélection de ressources publiées à l'occasion du 400ème anniversaire de Shakespeare. Vous y trouverez des articles, vidéos, émissions de radio, publications universitaires et ressources pédagogiques sur l'oeuvre de Shakespeare.
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The spoken word and the written word in Paul Auster’s The Brooklyn Follies par Catherine Pesso-Miquel, publié le 16/10/2009
This article analyses the construction of voices in Paul Auster’s The Brooklyn Follies, in which the paradoxical relationship between printed signs on a page and phonemes uttered by human bodies is fore-grounded. Auster revels in creating lively dialogues that are carefully inscribed within a particular voice through the use of didascalia, but he also celebrates the physicality and euphony of a narrative voice which navigates between elegiac lyricism and sharp-witted humour. The Brooklyn Follies, like all Auster’s books, is a book about books, but this one is also a book about tales and story-telling, about speech and silence, and the very American tradition of tall tales.
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What can computers tell us about Shakespeare? par Gabriel Egan, publié le 31/05/2018
Gabriel Egan, spécialiste de stylométrie, explique dans cette séance du séminaire Modernités Britanniques (organisée avec le soutien de l'IHRIM - CNRS UMR 5317, COMOD et le département des Langues de l'ENS de Lyon) comment l’analyse computationnelle et la comparaison des premières éditions peuvent éclairer l’attribution des premières pièces de Shakespeare et mettre en évidence les collaborations entre auteurs.
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Livery, liberty, and the original staging of Measure for Measure par Andrew Gurr, publié le 17/02/2013
We know that Shakespeare lived in Bishopsgate through his first years in London, in the parish of St. Helens. Located just to the north of the Tower, he is on record as paying his dues in this parish. Not far from St. Helen’s was St. Botolph’s in Aldgate, another local church where Shakespeare had neighbourly connections. Not far from there, slightly to the east and north of the Tower, in the parish of St. Aldgates Without (meaning outside the city walls) there had once been the greatest of the three English Franciscan nunneries, known as the Minories, the London nunnery of the Order usually called the Poor Clares. This site, though no longer a nunnery, was still there when Shakespeare came to live nearby in 1590 or so...
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Shakespeare, Robert Greene et la théorie du plagiat : Nouveaux horizons par Jean-François Chappuit, publié le 10/11/2011
Quelques jours avant de mourir, Robert Greene compose un pamphlet dans lequel il assimile Shakespeare à « un corbeau arriviste paré de nos plumes ». Les « Désintégrateurs » ont vu dans cette invective une accusation de plagiat en référence à Horace et à la fable du Choucas paré des plumes d’autres oiseaux. Mais plusieurs difficultés demeurent dont le type d’oiseau en question, la trame narrative, le rôle des citations incluses dans la fable, le sens général de la fable. Dans les traditions grecque et latine, le thème commun de cette fable est la vanité de vouloir se faire autre que l’on est par nature, non l’accusation de plagiat. A la Renaissance, ces deux traditions fusionnent dans les collections humanistes. Je souhaite démontrer que la théorie du plagiat ne semble pas valide mais qu’en revanche le pamphlet de Robert Greene a une portée plus essentielle concernant Shakespeare, portée qui fonde son véritable intérêt.
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Blessure du corps et blessure du langage chez Shakespeare par Clifford Armion, publié le 25/04/2014
Cet article se propose d’étudier les rapports dialectiques qui unissent la violence représentée à la parole dans le théâtre de Shakespeare. Nous verrons que le langage immédiat de la blessure physique peut prendre le pas sur le texte prononcé par les acteurs. La crainte de la mort et de la dissolution du corps, exprimée par la blessure, est associée dans le texte shakespearien à l’économie et à l’extinction du langage. Le silence, corrélat de la mort, peut ainsi être lu comme une griffure à la surface du texte théâtral. Il apparaîtra que la violence physique entre en écho avec les silences, les incohérences du langage, mais aussi les ruptures de genre, constituant une forme de blessure du langage.
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De l’engendrement littéraire et artistique chez Montaigne (Essais II,8) et Shakespeare (The Winter’s Tale) par Armelle Sabatier, publié le 04/10/2011
Cet article propose un début de réflexion sur un point de rencontre entre The Winter’s Tale de Shakespeare (1611) et l’essai sur « l’affection des pères aux enfants » (II, 8) de Montaigne. Le mythe de Pygmalion, cité par Montaigne à la fin de l’essai II, 8 et présent en filigrane dans la pièce de Shakespeare, semble avoir nourri toute une réflexion sur le mystère de la création artistique et littéraire, qu’il s’agisse d’écriture, de sculpture ou encore de mise en scène.
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"Come, unbutton here": Exposing "the thing itself" in Shakespeare’s King Lear par Denis Lagae-Devoldère, publié le 14/02/2010
The first definition of the verb "to expose" in the Oxford English Dictionary is "to put out", "to deprive of shelter", "to turn out of doors", formed on the original Latin exponere: in King Lear, the king is famously kicked out of his respective daughters' houses and exposed to the elements. Throughout the play, such exposure to danger goes hand in hand with the exposure of something or somebody, which the OED defines as to denounce or to lay open (to danger, to ridicule, to censure)...
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Entretien avec Adel Hakim - Mesure pour Mesure de William Shakespeare, une écriture du présent par Adel Hakim, Estelle Rivier, publié le 18/02/2013
Mesure pour Mesure a été créé pour les Fêtes Nocturnes de Grignan en 2007. Quarante représentations y ont eu lieu devant la façade du palais. Le spectacle a été ensuite repris en 2009 au Théâtre des Quartiers d’Ivry dirigé par Adel Hakim puis est parti en tournée.
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Feigned and real madness in King Lear par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 03/07/2013
Cette page propose plusieurs extraits du "Roi Lear" de Shakespeare, ainsi qu'une reproduction d'un tableau de William Dyce représentant le personnage du Roi Lear. Ces documents sont accompagnés d'exercices de compréhension et d'analyse d'image..
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Macbeth - Conveying madness through language par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 02/07/2013
Cette page propose plusieurs extraits de "Macbeth" de Shakespeare, ainsi qu'une reproduction d'un tableau d'Henry Fuseli représentant le personnage de Lady Macbeth. Ces documents sont accompagnés d'exercices de compréhension et d'analyse d'image..
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Ophelia's lyrical madness in Hamlet par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 02/07/2013
Cette page propose deux extraits de "Hamlet" de Shakespeare, ainsi qu'une reproduction d'un tableau de John Everett Millais représentant le personnage d'Ophelia. Ces documents sont accompagnés d'exercices de compréhension et d'analyse d'image..
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Macbeth (2015) Justin Kurzel par Justin Kurzel, publié le 04/11/2015
Le nouveau film Macbeth propose une lecture intense de l’une des tragédies les plus célèbres et captivantes de Shakespeare, celle d’un vaillant guerrier, autant que chef charismatique, se déroulant sur les champs de bataille au milieu des paysages de l’Écosse médiévale. Macbeth est avant tout l’histoire d’un homme abîmé par la guerre qui tente de reconstruire sa relation avec son épouse bien-aimée, tous deux aux prises avec les forces de l’ambition et du désir. Parenthèse Cinéma nous permet de partager avec vous un beau dossier pédagogique pour les enseignants qui souhaiteraient aborder cette adaptation de la pièce de Shakespeare avec leurs classes.
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Horizons nouveaux, Souli (Alexander Abela) et Stage Beauty (Richard Eyre) : deux versions d’Othello en marge, à l’horizon du texte par Anne-Marie Costantini-Cornède, publié le 21/10/2011
Le paradoxe de l'essai cinématographique, de l'adaptation « librement inspirée de William Shakespeare », nous est désormais familier. La réécriture hybridité, modernisation ou parodie post-moderne, qui inscrit l'espace du texte filmique dans d'autres horizons, créant nouveauté et surprise, relève d'une imitation différentielle, à la fois proche et différente du modèle. Alexander Abela et Richard Eyre bousculent les conventions dans leur version d'Othello, (2004) Alors qu'il explore les ressorts archétypaux de l'humeur jalouse, le cinéaste - auteur prend des libertés avec l'histoire, le contexte, ou les conventions d'un genre. La démarche interprétative, indirecte, est cependant de nature différente dans les deux films.
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De Saxo à Axel, de Hamlet au Prince de Jutland : du texte source au cinéma, réécritures et résurgences de l’Histoire par Anne-Marie Costantini-Cornède, publié le 12/09/2011
Le Prince de Jutland réalisé par le cinéaste danois Gabriel Axel en 1994 transpose à l'écran les Gesta Danorum, la chronique transcrite par le clerc Saxo Grammaticus vers 1200. Cet article étudie les enjeux culturels et esthétiques de cette fidèle transposition de la source de la tragédie de Shakespeare selon une approche contrastive entre le texte source, les dérivés et le film. Il envisage les écarts avec le héros tragique au travers du récit des exploits du prince Amled, la question de la transformation générique, le refus du tragique et le retour vers le genre épique, et le passage du mode verbal à un mode visuel dépouillé.
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Measure for Measure in Performance par Estelle Rivier, Delphine Lemonnier-Texier, Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine, publié le 17/02/2013
Ce dossier a été réalisé à partir des interventions de la journée d'étude "Measure for measure in performance", consacrée à l'oeuvre de William Shakespeare
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Much Ado About Nothing (Joss Whedon) par Clifford Armion, publié le 20/01/2014
En adaptant cette comédie de Shakespeare, Joss Whedon marche dans les pas de l’illustre Kenneth Branagh qui avait fait de Much Ado un film remarqué en 1993. Le pari pouvait sembler ambitieux, même prétentieux, et pourtant le résultat est une comédie de mœurs toute en finesse qui respecte et met en valeur l’œuvre du dramaturge élisabéthain.
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Dossier - A Midsummer Night's Dream par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 27/11/2009
Un dossier proposant un ensemble de ressources sur l'oeuvre de Shakespeare "Le Songe d'une Nuit d'été", ainsi qu'une séléction de ressources en ligne : 1. Musique et théâtre : la scène shakespearienne / 2. A Midsummer Night's Dream ou l'art de la mise en scène / 3. "Nay, faith, let not me play a woman. I have a beard coming" (MND. I. ii. 41-42): Dramatic illusion in A Midsummer Night's Dream / 4. Webographie
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Amending Mariana par Michael Dobson, publié le 11/04/2013
With all of this provocative and intriguing play to choose from, complete with a beguiling cast list that includes figures as complex and compelling as Angelo, Isabella, and the Duke, I have chosen to discuss the person who may seem in her own right the least interesting of the six newly-married, betrothed-and-expecting, or potentially betrothed characters who dominate Measure for Measure’s final tableau: Mariana.
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Petite faute, grande folie. Comment, pourquoi ? par Yves Thoret, publié le 14/02/2010
C'est secondairement que Lear reconnaît la disproportion entre la petite faute de sa fille et la faillite de son propre jugement, sous l'effet d'un mécanisme de torsion-arrachement (wrenching). La violence du roi détruit sa capacité à appréhender, estimer et garantir l'épreuve de réalité, dont on rappelle le modèle théorique décrit par Freud. La nouvelle rencontre entre Lear et Cordélia comporte un mouvement de compassion associé à une menace extérieure d'effroi venant compromettre leur mutuelle reconnaissance. Dans cette communication, divers traits de ce mécanisme d'Anagnorisis sont examinés en comparaison avec d'autres pièces de Shakespeare.
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A Midsummer Night’s Dream ou l’art de la mise en scène par Estelle Rivier, publié le 26/11/2009
Par le biais de son intrigue secondaire, Le Songe d'une nuit d'été propose une partition de théâtre qui nous renseigne tant sur la façon de jouer à l'époque de Shakespeare que sur l'art de la scène dans sa globalité. C'est en partie pour cette raison que cette pièce, parodique, émouvante et onirique tout à la fois constitue un vivier en matière de création scénographique. Elle est aussi un gage d'originalité si l'on considère la mise en scène époustouflante de Peter Brook en 1970-71 qui a tant marqué l'histoire de la mise en scène de cette pièce qu'il est encore actuellement difficile d'innover sans que cela paraisse inadapté voire inconvenant...
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Introduction à Measure for Measure par Estelle Rivier, Delphine Lemonnier-Texier, Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine, publié le 11/04/2013
Mettre en scène une pièce, dit Jean-François Sivadier interrogé sur le processus de création, c’est poser une hypothèse, et la mettre à l’épreuve du plateau, poursuivre le rêve que l’on a sur la pièce, et franchir le pas de son adaptation, accepter d’être confronté à l’écart entre le rêve et le plateau, tout en réussissant à ne pas perdre son rêve. Mettre en scène une pièce de Shakespeare, comme toute autre pièce de répertoire, c’est aussi se confronter à ses fantômes : ceux, manifestes, de ses mises en scène antérieures, et ceux, implicites, que l’on porte en soi en tant qu’artiste, les traversées que l’on a faites, les créations, les rôles antérieurs, l’histoire d’un parcours esthétique où cette pièce vient s’inscrire dans un cheminement, y (d)écrire un moment, une étape, une boucle peut-être...
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Vision(s) de dé-Lear ou comment mettre en scène la folie du roi par Carole Guidicelli, publié le 11/02/2010
La folie qui affecte Lear est une spécificité de la pièce de Shakespeare par rapport à ses sources. L’un des enjeux de la représentation du Roi Lear consiste donc à exhiber les signes extérieurs de la folie du roi tout en permettant au spectateur d’avoir accès à la vision du monde de Lear : tel est le mécanisme de la tempête qui se déchaîne autant dans l’esprit du personnage que sur la lande. A travers trois exemples précis (les mises en scène de P. Adrien en 2000 et de J-F. Sivadier en 2007 et l’adaptation cinématographique de P. Brook en 1970) nous examinerons les modes par lesquels la folie du roi est représentée au théâtre et leurs multiples implications.
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L’art de représenter King Lear : analyse textuelle et picturale par Estelle Rivier, publié le 25/01/2010
King Lear a inspiré nombre de peintres si l'on songe à Edwin Austin Abbey, John Singleton Copley, John Rogers Herbert, Ford Madox Brown, pour ne nommer que certains d'entre eux. Le regard que ces derniers portent sur l'œuvre de Shakespeare nous invite à modifier le nôtre et nous guident dans une relecture de la pièce. Y apparaît alors de façon encore plus frappante le réseau sémantique de la vue. Les personnages souffrant de cécité physique et morale ont peine à y voir clair autour d'eux et en eux. Et pour nous qui les observons, les images se dédoublent quand par exemple le roi est aussi un fou et que son Fou gouverne l'entendement des choses. La duplicité, les double-sens, les visions polymorphes se multiplient. Tous ces aperçus de la scène du Roi Lear, qu'ils soient picturaux ou sémantiques sont à l'étude dans ce propos, par touches, comme chez les Impressionnistes.
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« To disfigure, or to present (MND, 3.1.57) : la contradiction de King Lear à la scène » par Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine, publié le 22/01/2010
Toutes les pièces du corpus renaissant offrent des réalités théâtrales qui ne prennent sens que par les mots du texte incarnés par des comédiens sur la scène de planches de bois dénuées de décor. C'est ainsi que, de comédie en tragédie, Shakespeare a interrogé la théâtralité en montrant ce qui n'était pas et en occultant parfois ce qui était. Dans cette communication, on se penchera sur la manière dont le texte donne substance à une nature grandiose, tantôt hostile (la lande sous la tempête), tantôt spectaculaire et dangereuse (la falaise de Douvres), qui n'existe vraiment que par l'interprétation des acteurs. Les spectateurs n'ont rien à voir devant eux sur la scène, mais, grâce à la présentation dynamique qui s'offre à leur regard, l'illusion théâtrale parvient à se métamorphoser en réalité.
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“Nay, faith, let not me play a woman. I have a beard coming” (MND. I. ii. 41-42): Dramatic illusion in A Midsummer Night’s Dream par Geneviève Lheureux, publié le 22/03/2010
Les personnages mythologiques ou féériques qui peuplent Le songe d'une nuit d'été occultent parfois la complexité d'une comédie qui examine les fondements mêmes de l'expérience théâtrale. La pièce dans la pièce, laborieusement répétée par une troupe d'acteurs amateurs, contribue certes à désamorcer les éléments potentiellement tragiques mis en scène dans l'intrigue centrée sur les amants athéniens, mais elle interroge aussi de manière radicale l'illusion dramatique, qu'elle finit pourtant par renforcer.
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Voir à travers la chair : lecture et mise en perspective du corps blessé dans King Lear par Clifford Armion, publié le 12/02/2010
Les corps blessés, ainsi que les cadavres, occupent une place centrale dans le Roi Lear. Les spectateurs de la tragédie sont amenés à scruter les corps des personnages dans l'espoir d'une révélation, d'une découverte de leur nature profonde, de leur âme. Les blessures peuvent être lues comme des inscriptions à même la chair dont le sens, bien qu'associé au corps même des personnages, peut être trompeur. Cette communication vise à étudier de quelle manière et dans quel but les cadavres sont exposés, mis en perspective et mis en scène dans King Lear. Pour cela, il sera nécessaire de replacer la pièce dans le contexte de l'Angleterre élisabéthaine, de sa culture et ses croyances.
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Visions dans et sur King Lear par Estelle Rivier, publié le 18/01/2010
Ce monde où la tempête est tout autant sur scène que dans les esprits, où les falaises se créent par la parole, où le « rien » de Cordelia veut tout dire...C'est ce désordre des sens sur lequel les communications de cette journée d'étude vont se concentrer en abordant les aspects visuels, psychologiques et spectaculaires que renferme la matrice de King Lear. Il y sera question du corps en scène, des décors verbaux, de scénographie, des créations picturales inspirées de la tragédie entre autres. Autant d'approches esthétiques et de regards croisés qui devraient permettre à chacun de voir en Lear une performance artistique intense et vivante.
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King Lear comme fable par Gérard Hocmard, publié le 18/01/2010
Pièce hors normes, Le Roi Lear a trouvé une résonance particulière dans le monde contemporain. Mais la construction se résume à une suite de confrontations; les personnages n'ont pas toujours beaucoup d'épaisseur et la catharsis attendue fait place à une série de paraboles qui s'emboîtent les unes dans les autres, tandis que le langage semble échapper aux protagonistes pour insister sur ce qui en l'homme est humanité et sur l'importance du lien social. En fait, toute la technique dramatique semble au service d'un récit à caractère de conte, un peu comme celui que Mamillius définira comme « un conte d'hiver » dans la pièce éponyme. Il est permis de considérer Le Roi Lear comme une fable splendide et cruelle et là peut-être se trouve le secret de la fascination que la pièce exerce.
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Musique et théâtre : la scène shakespearienne par Francis Guinle, publié le 27/11/2009
De nombreux ouvrages ont été écrits qui se penchent sur la spécificité du théâtre anglais au XVIe et au début du XVIIe siècle. D'autres, tout aussi nombreux, traitent de la musique élisabéthaine, comme "l'âge d'or" de la musique anglaise. Peu d'ouvrages, en revanche, ont pris en compte les rapports qui s'instaurent entre ces deux formes d'art. Sans vouloir refaire ici un long historique, déjà entrepris dans un travail de recherches précédent, il me faut malgré tout énoncer au moins les grandes étapes de cette collaboration entre musique et théâtre.
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Ressources en ligne sur le Songe par Frédérique Brisset, publié le 27/11/2009
Une sélection de sites web proposant des documents sur la pièce : le texte de la pièce, des ressources sur la mise en scène, des filmographies, des études et analyses, ainsi que des ressources bibliographiques et pédagogiques.
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William Hogarth - Four Heads from the Cartoons par William Hogarth, publié le 20/06/2013
"Four Heads from the Cartoons" est une gravure de William Hogarth numérisée pour la Clé des langues dans le cadre de "The Hogarth Project".
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From buds to flowers: the blossoming of constructions in child language par Aliyah Morgenstern, publié le 18/12/2009
In the course of their development, children make their way along successive transitory systems with their own internal coherence. We will present the paths they follow from gestures and first words to complex constructions embedded in their dialogic context, developing both linguistic, conversational and social skills necessary to full mastery of language. Our data shows that the use of grammatical forms is irregular in terms of canonical syntax but not random, and corresponds to particular semantic/pragmatic features.
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The Intensification of Punishment from Thatcher to Blair: From conservative authoritarianism to punitive interventionism par Emma Bell, publié le 12/03/2010
The reach of the criminal law has been increasingly extended since the 1980s as the treatment of the offender has become harsher. These developments must be understood in the context of a neoliberal political economy which has impacted on the way in which criminal justice policy is now made and applied. Although the New Labour government has become even more interventionist in both the penal and social spheres, its sphere of action has paradoxically been circumscribed as the influence of the private sector has become all-pervasive and managerialist imperatives have become paramount.
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Some thoughts on silence and the contemporary “investigative memoir” par Marco Roth, publié le 06/12/2012
Critics and readers, at least in the United States, seem to be slower to recognize the investigative memoir as a narrative mode deserving of attention as such. The American memoir comes burdened with a history of survivor’s tales and evangelical Protestant redemption stories: the writer is usually delivered from bondage: slavery or captivity in the 19th century, Communism, Nazi Europe, or “substance abuse” in the 20th, and into freedom or the light of truth. THE END. Testifying, in both legal and religious senses, is important. Important too is the sense that the author can be written into a social order, given a normal or productive life...
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Helen Oyeyemi reading from White is for Witching - Assises Internationales du Roman 2012 par Helen Oyeyemi, Patricia Armion, publié le 08/06/2012
Helen Oyeyemi took part in the sixth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She was kind enough to read an extract from White is for Witching, her stunning Neo-Gothic novel.
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From traditional dystopias to teenage dystopias: Harry Potter as a bridge between two cultures par Eléonore Cartellier-Veuillen, publié le 04/05/2016
“From traditional dystopias to teenage dystopias: Harry Potter as a bridge between two cultures” seeks to explain the key role that the Harry Potter novels have played in the creation of the Young Adult dystopian genre which has flourished in recent years. It focuses on three aspects of dystopia (mind-control, death and resistance) to show how these themes taken from traditional dystopias are re-written to shape such contemporary works as Uglies, The Hunger Games and Divergent.
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Stylistics from Scratch: My ‘Take’ on Stylistics and How to Go About a Stylistic Analysis par Mick Short, publié le 24/04/2012
Mick Short was invited by Manuel Jobert as part of the tenth edition of the Discourse Analysis Conferences, organised by the Société de Stylistique Anglaise and Lyon 3. After giving some precious advice to students in stylistics and explaining the "foregrounding theory", he analysed a number of texts including the front page of a British tabloid, a poem by Robert Frost and a passage from Colum McCann’s Let the Great World Spin.
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Coming in from the Cold? The Thatcher Legacy, Devolution and Cameron’s Conservatives in Scotland 1979-2009 par Peter Lynch, publié le 23/02/2010
In opposition, Conservative leaders such as Margaret Thatcher and David Cameron adopted quite different strategies to deal with Scotland and devolution. Mrs Thatcher's intention was to avoid splitting her own party over the devolution issue in advance of the 1979 devolution referendum,with an emphasis on party management. Cameron has had to deal with a more complex picture due to the institutional reality of devolution, the unpopularity of the Conservatives in Scotland and the election of the SNP government in 2007. This environment brought a cautious but positive approach to Scotland from Cameron, involving five different strands of territorial management in preparation for the 2010 UK general election.
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Rebelling as a female in the 18th and 19th century literature. From Pamela to Jane Eyre: a path to equality? par Marion Lopez-Burette, publié le 23/09/2013
This article intends to study and compare the way Pamela, Richardson's early heroine of the novel genre, and Charlotte Brontë's romantic Jane, rebel. What follows will underscore the path trodden by female fictional characters in terms of shaping the individual, from the Enlightenment period to the romantic era. The patterns of entrapment and self-willed seclusion the protagonists are involved in function as incentives for rebellion. The ideals they rebel for play the role of living forces in a way that is meaningful to comprehend how the essence of rebellion evolved with time. No matter how much the protagonists' respective procedure may differ, from moral conservatism to personal answering of moral questions through rites of passage, the two female heroines are equally conscious of their value as human beings. Their handling of their hardships and their allegiance to God, however, points to the qualitative and quantitative evolution of the notion of equality.
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The practical value of formal graphophonemic rules - insights from lexical frequency and linguistic competence par Monika Pukli, publié le 29/06/2017
This paper looks into some of the most well-known graphophonemic rules of English and seeks to determine the extent to which they can be relied on in the light of lexical frequency and learner proficiency. It aims at encouraging teachers and learners to adopt an explicit and constructive strategy to incorporate letter-to-sound rules in the learning process.
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Loin de la foule déchaînée (Far from the Madding Crowd) par Clifford Armion, publié le 21/05/2015
Dans la campagne anglaise de l’époque victorienne, une jeune héritière, Bathsheba Everdeene doit diriger la ferme léguée par son oncle. Femme belle et libre, elle veut s’assumer seule et sans mari, ce qui n’est pas au goût de tous à commencer par ses ouvriers. Bathsheba ne se mariera qu’une fois amoureuse. Qu’à cela ne tienne, elle se fait courtiser par trois hommes, le berger Gabriel Oake, le riche voisin Mr Boldwood et le Sergent Troy. Parenthèse Cinéma nous permet de partager avec vous un très beau dossier pédagogique pour les enseignants qui souhaiteraient aborder cette adaptation du roman de Thomas Hardy avec leurs classes.
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Sofi Oksanen: They fooled you Greetings from the countries bordering Russia par Sofi Oksanen, publié le 01/07/2014
When I was a kid, my Estonian family never watched TV. Not because they disliked TV-shows, but because Soviet-TV was pure zombie-propaganda. Finland was my other homeland and when we got back to Finland, after visiting my Estonian family, switching on the television was one of the first things we did. It was like opening a window. I can still smell that moment, when my lungs were filled with free air, though I wouldn't have used that word at the time – free.
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Annie Barrows par Annie Barrows, publié le 14/09/2010
A letter from Annie Barrows to her readers.
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The Great Mouse Plot (Roald Dahl) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 12/12/2014
In Boy: Tales of Childhood, Roald Dahl tells us about his youth, focusing on some of his most remarkable childhood memories. A lot of irony is introduced by the first person narrator who describes these scenes with the hindsight of age.
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The heroic prison letter of Ken Saro-Wiwa par Ken Saro-Wiwa, publié le 07/06/2010
A prescient letter from Ken Saro-Wiwa, published in the Mail and Guardian in May 1995
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Negotiating the Transformations of History par Clifford Armion, publié le 25/03/2014
This is an extract from Angela Davis's The Meaning of Freedom, a collection of speeches and papers dealing with the author's life-long struggle against oppression, inequality and prejudice.
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The Brooklyn Follies par Juliette Tran, publié le 07/05/2008
« I was looking for a quiet place to die. Someone recommended Brooklyn, and so the next morning I traveled down there from Westchester to scope out the terrain. »
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The Words of the Flesh par Wendy Delorme, publié le 11/12/2012
There are people who write from the place that they have been assigned. Some of them with rage so as to get away from it; others, by contrast, who follow the path that has been mapped out for us. There are those who would rather stay on the margin of that space, away from the feminine, off-centered, but are then dragged back to it, kicking and screaming. Their words are women's words, words that are situated. The masculine remains the universal reference. Feminine words stay in the realm of the singular, indexed to the gender of who said them.
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Three Words for Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich par Wendy Lesser, publié le 14/02/2012
As an element in Shostakovich's music, the shame is perhaps not as audible as the dread, but it is everpresent nonetheless. One cannot point to a precise place in the music where you can hear it, but it underlies and supports most of the other painful emotions, and if it were removed from the mix, you would certainly notice the difference. The shame is apparent in the harshness with which Shostakovich treats himself and his own feelings; it saves the saddest quartets (like the Eighth) from self-pity, and it saves the more cheerful ones (like the Sixth) from any tincture of smugness or self-assurance...
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Wayne Koestenbaum - Notes on Affinity par Wayne Koestenbaum, publié le 18/04/2011
The first time I heard Brahms's D minor Piano Concerto, in 1973 or 1974, on an LP, I felt affinity for the ugliness of its opening movement's stentorian theme, and for the theme's avoidance of happiness; I understand the inability to pursue happiness, and I wanted to build a life around hiding from closure, from optimism, and from productivity...
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Narration in the Human Mind par Siri Husdvedt, publié le 16/02/2012
Human beings are forever explaining themselves to themselves. This is the nature of our self-consciousness. We are not only awake and aware of the world around us, but are able to reflect on ourselves as actors in that world. We reason and we tell stories. Unlike our mammalian relatives who do not narrate their own lives, we become characters in our own tales, both when we recollect ourselves in the past and imagine ourselves in the future. Our ability to represent our experience in language - in those sounds and signs of our essential intersubjectivity - allows us the necessary symbolic alienation required for mental time travel...
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The black community in New York, past and present par Alondra Nelson, Clifford Armion, publié le 15/01/2013
Alondra Nelson tells us about the history of the black community in New York; where they came from, where they settled and why. She also explores issues related to the urban development in Manhattan and to the gentrification of Harlem.
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The educational system in the United States: an overview par Daniel Wright, publié le 10/11/2014
In general, we have what is called a federal system, where there is a lot of power that States have, and then cities within states and even smaller municipalities within cities can make their own rules. And education is a good example of where it can really depend on where you are. The requirements can be very different from place to place and the type of schools that are offered can vary very much from state to state...
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Doug Saunders on migration par Doug Saunders, Clifford Armion, publié le 05/12/2013
Migration almost always follows the same pattern. It doesn’t go from one country to another country. It goes from a cluster of villages or a sub-rural region to specific urban neighbourhoods. Those urban neighbourhoods which are usually low-income, with low housing cost, serve as the bottom rung of the ladder for people arriving in a new country.
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The cultural perception of the American land : a short history par Mireille Chambon-Pernet, publié le 20/11/2012
The importance of land and nature in the American culture is widely known. The Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the coast of the Massachussetts in 1620 were looking for freedom which was both spiritual and material. The latter derived from land ownership, as a landowner called no man master. Yet, in 1893, Jackson Turner announced that: “the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower” “ It came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier”.
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Virginia Heffernan - The Digital Revolution par Virginia Heffernan, publié le 21/02/2011
"Now that you know I'm a bitter graduate student from the 90s, I'd start out with a quotation from Roland Barthes. Because, you know, we don't get enough Americans who talk too much about French theory anymore. So here's Barthes: "The psychotic lives in fear of a breakdown", "There are moments when a patient needs to be told that the breakdown, fear of which is wrecking his life, has already occurred."
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The Book of Longing par Mélanie Roche, publié le 03/05/2008
Cohen's poetry – the title of the book makes no mystery of it – deals essentially with longing: longing for women, for God, or simply truth. What emerges from the whole book is the idea of an irretrievable loss. From the beginning, we learn that in spite of the author's retreat on Mount Baldy, enlightenment has hardly touched him: he has found neither God nor any essential truth.
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Denis MacShane on Europe and Coalition policies par Denis MacShane, Clifford Armion, publié le 12/12/2011
Denis MacShane was Tony Blair's Minister for Europe from 2002 until 2005 and has been a Member of Parliament for Rotherham since 1994. He answered our questions on the policies implemented by the coalition government, the rise in British euroscepticism and the role of the state in financing universities.
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Marilynne Robinson - Assises Internationales du Roman 2010 par Marilynne Robinson , Kédem Ferré , publié le 14/06/2010
Marilynne Robinson was invited to the fourth edition of the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She was interviewed for La Clé des langues and read an extract from Gilead, a novel which was awarded the 2005 Pulitzer Prize.
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Anne Enright - Assises Internationales du Roman 2010 par Anne Enright , Clifford Armion , publié le 10/06/2010
Anne Enright came to Lyon in May 2010 to take part in the Assises Internationales du Roman, organised by the Villa Gillet and Le Monde. She was kind enough to answer our questions and to read an extract from her novel entitled The Gathering which won the 2007 Booker Prize.
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Dossier - The Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society (Mary Ann Shaffer and Annie Barrows) par ENS Lyon La Clé des Langues, publié le 14/09/2009
January 1946: writer Juliet Ashton receives a letter from a stranger, a founding member of the Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society. And so begins a remarkable tale of the island of Guernsey during the German occupation, and of a society as extraordinary as its name.
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In Praise of Babel par Robyn Creswell, publié le 22/11/2013
Like Jewish and Christian commentators, Muslim exegetes understood the Babel story to be a parable of how mankind’s hubris, in the form of a desire for knowledge or an attempt to reach the heavens, leads to divine punishment. The subsequent confusion of human idioms and scattering of peoples is a second fall from grace, an expulsion from the paradise of monolingualism. Henceforth, translation becomes at once necessary and impossible—impossible in the sense that no translation could ever match the transparency of the original Ur-Sprache. So the Islamic tradition, like the Judaic one in particular, comes to bear a tremendous nostalgia for the lost language of Eden.
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Peter Ainsworth on degrowth par Peter Ainsworth, publié le 28/09/2010
The plain truth is that human beings are acquisitive, we always have been. It's fair bet that when we originally crawled out of a cave in prehistory, we went looking for stuff to accumulate. Another pelt, a better home, a sharper weapon: stuff, it's what people like. There is only one place for that stuff to come from: the natural world. This didn't matter all that much when there were only a few acquisitive humans around and when, for most, the natural world was their immediate environment. But since the industrial revolution, we've moved on from being merely acquisitive to being rapacious...
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De The Adventures of Master F. J., à The Pleasant Fable de George Gascoigne, ou de l’art d’échapper à la censure par Anne Geoffroy, publié le 22/11/2011
George Gascoigne (1542-1577) est probablement l’un des premiers auteurs élisabéthains à s’être engagé dans la voie de l’expérimentation radicale avec la publication, en 1573, de son recueil intitulé A Hundred Sundrie Flowers, florilège mêlant poésie, récit en prose et théâtre. Cependant, après la décision de la Haute Commission de rejeter le recueil, Gascoigne se vit contraint de réviser son projet littéraire et plus spécifiquement son récit en prose, A Discourse of The Adventures of Master F. J., dont l’intrigue semblait s’inspirer de certaines histoires scandaleuses à la cour. Un nouvel horizon semble toutefois se profiler lorsque l’auteur choisit de métamorphoser sa narration en pseudo-traduction dans une seconde version (The Pleasant Fable of Ferdinando Jeronimi and Leonora Valasco, translated out of the Italian Riding Tales of Bartello). De fait, la translation générique s’accompagne d’un travail de repentir...
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“The shadow of the fifth”: patterns of exclusion in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child par Anne-Laure Brevet, publié le 06/12/2011
This study of The Fifth Child (1988) attempts to show that the eponymous character, a traumatic semi-human creature who neither assimilates into his ordinary family nor conforms to the demands of society impersonates a drive for disorder, chaos and violence undermining collective ideals. On the one hand, the fact that the alien child is not only excluded from family life but also from any type of “normal” human interaction, especially in Ben, in the World (2000), reveals hidden discordant notes that further lead to the disruption of his model family. On the other hand, as the symbol of a dark, destructive force fighting against enlightenment and progress, Ben’s inherently disruptive figure is a reminder of the two World Wars and the impersonation of social unrest. Through the various patterns of exclusion triggered off by his subversive presence, the fifth child reveals that the primitive dimension of the self and of humanity at large should be understood as part and parcel of human nature.
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Nature after Wordsworth in Dance of the Happy Shades by Alice Munro par Christine Lorre-Johnston, publié le 02/03/2016
Alice Munro has acknowledged the influence of Wordsworth’s works and ideas on her own outlook, particularly where the idea of nature is concerned. Yet this cultural link has seldom been explored. Starting from this observation, this article proposes a few research directions by examining the concept of nature in Munro’s first collection of short stories, Dance of the Happy Shades (1968), successively as an experience of “the call of the wild,” then in the form of geology, and last, as overall framework for contemporary ecological changes.
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Republican Electoral Strategy after Realignment: Electioneering and the Ideological Shift par Andrew Ives, publié le 02/03/2016
This article argues that the ideological shift undertaken by the Republican Party in the late 1970s, namely the move away from the consensus politics of Eisenhower’s Modern Republicanism towards the so-called Reagan Revolution, was motivated primarily by electoral considerations and the pursuit of power. The southern strategy, the adoption of socially conservative policies and the embracing of supply side economics, are analyzed in light of their electoral appeal, and are seen as a delayed response to the New Deal realignment of 1930-32.
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Teaching Humanities par Gayatri Spivak, publié le 06/05/2015
Fifty years of institutional teaching has brought me this lesson: try to learn to learn how to teach this group, for me the two ends of the spectrum: Columbia University in the City of New York and six elementary schools on the border between West Bengal and Jharkhand. Everything I say will be marked by this. I take my motto from Kafka: “Perhaps there is only one cardinal sin: Impatience. Because of impatience we were driven out of Paradise, because of impatience we cannot return.”
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Angela Davis: becoming an icon par Clifford Armion, publié le 24/03/2014
Séquence pédagogique en trois parties, autour de la militante américaine des droits de l'homme Angela Davis : 1. Angela Davis posters (Free Angela posters; Shepard Fairey artworks) / 2. Free Angela and All Political Prisoners (Free Angela trailer; Phonetics, the nuclear stress) / 3. Negotiating the Transformations of History (Extract from Angela Davis's The Meaning of Freedom; Grammar, the genitive)
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Are You Going to Write That in Your Book? par Siddhartha Deb, publié le 03/12/2013
Born in north-eastern India in 1970, Siddhartha Deb is the recipient of grants from the Society of Authors in the UK and has been a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Studies at Harvard University. His latest book, a work of narrative nonfiction, ((The Beautiful and the Damned)), was a finalist for the Orwell Prize in the UK and the winner of the PEN Open award in the United States. His journalism, essays, and reviews have appeared in Harpers, The Guardian, The Observer, The New York Times, Bookforum, The Daily Telegraph, The Nation, n+1, and The Times Literary Supplement.
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Beauty, Intensity, Asymmetry par François Chaignaud, publié le 16/02/2012
"Beauty, Intensity, Asymmetry are born in my mouth like three goddesses ripe for veneration - far more than Identity, Gender, or Transgression, and utterly different from them. But this Beauty, of which we know only that some wish to buy but never to sell it, much less allow it to disappear or cause it to flee - nor to be the man or woman who no longer possesses anything but memories of it - is she a prescriptive goddess?"
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Katherine Mansfield’s Short Stories: An Introduction par Emilie Walezak , publié le 28/06/2011
Katherine Mansfield wrote short stories exclusively and produced a large body of work though she died quite young from tuberculosis when she was 30. She is one the best representatives of modernist short story writing. Virginia Woolf herself admitted to Mansfield that she was jealous of her writing: "and then Morgan Foster said the Prelude and The Voyage Out were the best novels of their time, and I said damn Katherine! Why can't I be the only woman who knows how to write?"
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The modern child and Romantic monstrosity in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child par Camille François , publié le 17/05/2011
This study investigates the articulation between "child" and "monster" in Lessing's novella, linking the text to a tradition of contemporary fiction about the child in which the much beloved literary figure inherited from the Romantics has become a frightening other. We hope to understand the Fifth Child 's shifting boundaries between the monstrous and the ideal, the "real child" and childhood as a locus of adult desires, by tracing these dichotomies back to Romantic myths of childhood, or the distorted versions that have made it to our time.
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When May Religion Shape Public Life? par John Bowen, publié le 08/11/2010
In practically every country, whether in Europe, North America, Asia, or elsewhere, this question arises, and often it engenders conflict, sometimes peaceful, sometimes not. Mark Lilla has given us a broad historical and philosophical perspective on the matter; I would like to examine it from a political theoretic perspective and ask: Can we formulate the ideal conditions for religion in public life and at the same time take account of each country's particular history?
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Fiche de lecture : "Arthur and George" (Julian Barnes) par Thibaud Harrois, publié le 07/05/2008
The novel is based on an actual story, known as the "Great Wyrley Outrages". At the end of the 19th century, George Edalji, a solicitor from Great Wyrley, a village near Birmingham, was wrongly found guilty of slaying a number of farm animals. He was sentenced to seven years in jail. In 1906, Edalji was released but he was not pardoned. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the famous author of the Sherlock Holmes stories, was involved in the case. Indeed, he tried to prove the man's innocence and was at the source of what was considered as an English Dreyfus Case.
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L'"in-decency" keatsienne ou ce qu'être Cockney veut dire : Redéfinir l'anglicité au siècle romantique par Caroline Bertonèche, publié le 27/11/2008
Cet article illustre la quête identitaire du jeune Keats, génie païen émergeant de la classe moyenne et consumé par la tuberculose. En réaction aux critiques des "aristocrates de l’imagination" de son époque, qui transposent l’ "indécence" de ses origines et de sa condition dans les enfantillages de son écriture, Keats se distingue en cherchant une légitimité certaine dans l’authenticité d’un anglais plus ancien, celui de Chaucer ou de Shakespeare. C’est ce désir d’anglicité qui amène Keats à se réapproprier un style ancien et lui ouvrira le chemin de l’immortalité.
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Home (Taiye Selasi) par Taiye Selasi, publié le 22/09/2015
What were we seeking when we set out? And where did we set out from? Birthplace. Plausible. But who was born? Not ‘we,’ not whole. Not yet, not then. Then, we were theirs: the parents, the adults, the fully-formed members of loosely-formed worlds. They had homes. Or thought they did. We belonged to them. They belonged to There. At least they tried: they ate the food, they spoke the tongue, they donned the garb. Still they moved like strangers There, like looser threads in tight-knit Thens. A question. If they belonged to There then why did they leave in search of Where?
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Analysing front pages par Clifford Armion, publié le 20/01/2015
A front page tells you a lot about the contents of a newspaper and its attitude towards the news. Even if the traditional format difference between broadsheet newspapers and the more compact tabloids is disappearing – most papers are now printed in the same size – you can still easily recognize serious newspapers from tabloids. Tabloids usually have a large red masthead, very bold typeface and eye-catching pictures. The more serious papers have more text on the front-page and a plainer layout. Contrary to tabloids, broadsheets have no puns or jokes in the headlines and use a more formal language. Here are the main features you will find in any front-page…
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In Support of Affirmative Action par Randall Kennedy, publié le 06/02/2014
There are several good justifications for racial affirmative action in a society that has long been a pigmentocracy in which white people have been privileged and people of color oppressed. Affirmative action can ameliorate debilitating scars left by past racial mistreatment – scars (such as educational deprivation) that handicap racial minorities as they seek to compete with whites who have been free of racial subordination. Affirmative action can also counter racially prejudiced misconduct. True, an array of laws supposedly protect people in America from racial mistreatment. But these laws are notoriously under-enforced...
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Minorities and democracy par Siddhartha Deb, publié le 17/01/2014
In 1916, the Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore delivered a series of lectures that would eventually be collected into the book, Nationalism. Tagore was writing in the glow of his own celebrity (he had just won the Nobel Prize for literature) and from within the heart of the crisis engulfing the modern world, two years into the slow, grim war that had converted Europe into a labyrinth of trenches covered over with clouds of poison gas. For Tagore, this was the tragic but inevitable outcome of a social calculus that valued efficiency, profit and, especially, the spirit of us versus them that bonded together the inhabitants of one nation and allowed them to go out, conquer and enslave other people, most of them members of no nation at all.
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Goldie Goldbloom: Portraits and Faces - Appearance and Disfigurement par Goldie Goldbloom, publié le 27/09/2013
Chekhov is well known for his impartial observations of his characters and for his grasp of “realism”. When I first read his description of the lady with the little dog, I discovered that she is “a fair-haired young lady of medium height, wearing a beret.” I was puzzled. This less than enthusiastic description of the woman Gurov will come to love leaves out many basic details such as the colour of Anna Sergeyevna’s eyes and whether she has an attractive figure. I wondered why Chekhov departs from the wordier earlier traditions of written portraiture, and how his simple sketch of Anna illustrated the “realism” for which he is known.
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Keith Scribner : Representation and Psychology of Conflict par Keith Scribner, publié le 27/08/2013
In his Nobel Prize acceptance speech William Faulkner famously said that all real meaning in fiction comes from the human heart in conflict with itself. As a novelist I’m compelled by the internal conflicts inherent in the stories we tell ourselves in order to live and how those stories come to define us, how they allow us to justify our actions and possibly delude ourselves about who we are. Like any narrative, these stories help us shape otherwise disparate experiences into a comprehensible form. Over time we become so heavily invested in these narratives that when their veracity is challenged, the resulting conflict can be explosive.
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Virginia Heffernan - The interview par Virginia Heffernan, Clifford Armion, publié le 21/02/2011
"I've been fooling around with the idea that there might be something called dialectical immaterialism, the opposite of Marxist dialectical materialism, where people like me who love technology believe that we are moving farther and farther away from heavy, dusty, expensive things like this into a world of almost pure abstraction and thought. But lately I realised that that revolution, the digital revolution, like Marxist revolution, might not be quite so smooth. There are always people who are interested in the sound of music on vinyl records, who are interested in the dusty smell of bindings on real books, who like the excitement of going to book stores and owning things..."
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Reducing social democracy’s last redoubt: the privatisation and marketisation of the NHS in England par Colin Leys, publié le 12/02/2010
Since 1980 the NHS has been converted from a planned, integrated service, to a set of quasi-businesses operating in a health care market, in which an increasingly significant role is being played by for-profit corporations. This policy was initiated by the Conservatives under Margaret Thatcher and John Major but continued and driven much further by the Labour governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. The paper outlines the sequence of initiatives through which the transformation has been accomplished and assesses what has driven the change, and why it has been so relatively easy to accomplish.
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A reading of The Brooklyn Follies through the lens of autofiction par Marie Thévenon, publié le 02/10/2009
From his very first novel, The Invention of Solitude, to his very last, Man in the Dark, Paul Auster has always played with the mixture between autobiography and fiction. The Brooklyn Follies pertains to this tradition and it is through the lens of autofiction that this article proposes to explore this novel. The author starts by observing the similarities between Paul Auster and his characters and pays close attention to the intertextual dimension. She then analyses the metafictional aspects of the narration. Finally, she places this novel among Paul Auster's other works and wonders if there has been an evolution in his writing.
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Théâtralisation et kathakali dans The God of Small Things d’Arundhati Roy par Florence Labaune-Demeule, publié le 30/05/2011
Le roman d'A. Roy, The God of Small Things, fait la part belle à la théâtralisation, que cette dernière se manifeste par de courtes références intertextuelles à Shakespeare par exemple, ou par de plus longs renvois au kathakali, genre dramatique typique du sud de l'Inde, qui allie théâtre, danse, chant et musique. La théâtralisation, dans ce roman, prend aussi un sens beaucoup plus général, car on observe que la codification extrême, parfois excessive, de la société anglophile d'Ayemenem conduit chacun à surjouer le rôle qu'il se donne. Cet article s'attachera donc à montrer comment théâtralisation et codification s'expriment au quotidien, avant d'analyser le lien qui s'établit entre théâtralisation, sacralisation et expiation grâce au kathakali. Enfin, on montrera comment l'écriture de Roy peut elle-même être perçue comme une forme de théâtralisation décentrée ou « ex-centrée » cette fois qui conduit le lecteur à une condition quasi extatique par la magie du verbe.
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Cinematic (Manu Joseph) par Manu Joseph, publié le 29/06/2015
As a lonely young man largely forgotten by the world and invisible to the most gorgeous women whom you adore, should you not be writing melancholy poetry or the vain prose of deep self-regard. Instead you are drawn to cinema, you derive so much from movies, and it appears that you have been infected by the unsung altruism of commercial cinema, its duty to entertain. Is it because you think you know how to entertain? Is that your conceit? Or is it humility that pushes you to entertain? Is it not true that you find the need to have a deal with your audience – ‘I have something to say and I am afraid you may not be interested, but I seek the right to say it by giving you something in return’. Isn’t that the humility of cinema?
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Hugo Hamilton on memory and fiction par Hugo Hamilton, publié le 24/06/2013
It’s a stormy night in Dublin. My father comes into the bedroom to close the window. But the old sash window is rotten. As he tries pull it down, the wooden frame comes apart in his hands like a piece of fruit cake. The glass is smashed. So my father has to find a way to cover over the gaps. He looks around and picks up the nearest thing at hand. In the corner of the room there is a map of the world, a big rolled up school atlas which he’s kept from the time he was a schoolteacher. He rolls it out and nails the atlas up against the window frame. It’s a temporary solution, he says. Go to sleep. So that’s how I fall asleep, with the wind blowing across the world, flapping at the oceans and the continents. The world is there in the morning with the sun coming through.
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The Political Future of Religion and Secularism par Craig Calhoun, publié le 08/02/2013
Secularism has long been seen as a solution to problems of religion. Yet today, secularism (laïcité) itself is a political problem alongside religion. In some versions, secularism has become an obstacle to political and social projects potentially shared among members of different religions and the non-religious. It has been politicized in relation to migration, insurgency, and religious renewal. As ideology, it is sometimes the basis for new forms of intolerance. Both secularism and religion are sometimes made the bases for prescriptive demands on others as well as self-understandings. A central issue is the transformation of secularism and laïcité – in some versions – from formulations focused on freedom to ideologies mobilized to impose cultural values. Yet this need not be so. The problems are not with religion and secularism as such, but with how “fundamentalist” versions of each are deployed.
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The Intensive Care Unit: A Place of Technology and Myth par Cécile Guilbert, publié le 22/01/2013
If we follow Giorgio Agamben, who defined “religion as that which subtracts things, places, animals and persons from common use to transfer them into a separate sphere,” the intensive care unit seems to be a sacred place within the hospital because it is special, separate, and governed by specific protocols, whether we’re talking about reduced visiting hours or its bunker-like nature (like the operating room and the morgue). And because it’s the place of suspension between life and death, a passageway between the conscious and the unconscious, or between presence and absence, intensive care is the place for all sorts of metaphysical questions, in the form of oxymora. What’s at stake here, for the patient—a dying life? A living death? What then is life? and death?
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Understanding the social media: an interview with Jeffrey Rosen par Jeffrey Rosen, Clifford Armion, publié le 10/01/2013
Now that we’re living most of our lives online, all of us are vulnerable to the internet. The difficulty with young people is that they may not have experienced the dangers of not being able to escape your past until it’s too late. I like to tell the story of Stacy Sneider, the young 22 year old teacher in training who posted a picture of herself on Myspace wearing a pirate’s hat and drinking from a plastic cup that said drunken pirate. Her supervisor at the school said she was promoting drinking and she was fired. She sued and was unable to get her job back and she had to pick an entirely different career. That’s a very dramatic example on how vulnerable all of us are to being judged out of context by a single image or ill chosen picture and once you do that it may be very hard to escape your past.
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For another Hysterature par Emilie Notéris, publié le 17/12/2012
Since the question of women’s freedom in writing, or “Why stories of transgression or women’s assertions of freedom are less tolerated than those of men?” only highlight ordinary male chauvinism (the answer to the question is undeniably related to cultural issues), I prefer to focus on the counter strategies that can be deployed in response to the insults made to women, like the one Eileen Myles describes in her introduction to I love Dick by Chris Kraus, What about Chris?: “She’s turned female abjection inside out and aimed it at a man.” In other words, rather than identifying the reasons for the violent reception of women’s transgressive writing, I prefer to think about the strategies that can flow from them.
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The 9/11 memorial - Interview and footage of the WTC site par Clifford Chanin, Clifford Armion, publié le 30/10/2012
The original World Trade Centre site was 16 acres which if my calculations are correct is about 10 hectares in French geographical terms. So it was a very large space in the centre of the downtown Wall Street business district in New York. Those two buildings were each 110 stories tall. Each floor was an acre square. So you had 10 million square feet of floor space in those buildings. It really was an attempt to build the largest buildings in the world and bring companies from around the world to do business in those buildings. Once the attacks came and the buildings collapsed, it emerged very quickly in the planning process that the actual footprints of the buildings, those places were the they stood, were considered sacred ground.
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Nick Flynn on the misfit and the outcast par Nick Flynn, publié le 27/08/2012
I wrote a memoir a few years ago (Another Bullshit Night in Suck City), which, in part, chronicled the five or six years my father spent living on the streets in Boston. I’d been a case-worker with the homeless for three years before he got himself evicted from his marginal living situation, ran out of options (he slept in his taxi, on friend’s couches) and eventually ended up at the shelter where I worked. I hadn’t grown up with him, I hadn’t met him, really, before he came into the shelter—that this is where I got to know him is in the Shakespearian realm of the unlikely coincidence that sets the play in motion (think Hamlet encountering his father’s ghost).
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