ANGLAIS - Avital Ronell on authority (video and transcript)
Voilà un entretien qui intéressera sans nul doute tous les enseignants ! La philosophe américaine Avital Ronell nous parle de l’autorité, de ses origines et de ses manifestations, notamment dans le cadre de la classe…
"Clifford Armion: Is it possible to conceive an education that would not be based on authority, or the recognition of a figure of authority?
Avital Ronell: We have to understand what education implies. To educate means to pull out of the other. There’s a pulling, there’s a little violence. I’m sure that education does take place without authority, if we understand by that a certain, measurable, examinable, testable level of acquisition and performance. However if you want to truly inspire, to accelerate and quicken and enliven the pulse of the student body, then authority would probably be an important premise."ANGLAIS - First person narratives (Séquence pédagogique LELE)
An author always has a good reason for using the first person. Whether he wishes to share his memories with us, to embody the narration or simply to give more credit to a work of fiction, the ‘I’ always stands as a fascinating object of literary analysis…- The art of self-portraits (William Hogarth, Norman Rockwell and Mirror Guy)
A self-portrait is a drawn, engraved, painted, photographed or sculpted representation of an artist by himself. Self-portraits have been a common art form since the Renaissance, a period when artists had a prominent part in society and when a distinct interest in the individual as a subject arose.- Gulliver's Travels (Jonathan Swift and his narrators)
Travel books were very fashionable in the eighteenth century. Real travelers sometimes included elements of fiction in their accounts of their wanderings to make them sound more exotic and interesting. In Gulliver's Travels, Jonathan Swift makes fun of this literary genre by introducing a fictitious traveler, Gulliver, who tells us about his encounters with strange creatures and countries. Gulliver's first person narrative is introduced by a fake publisher's note which is also written in the first person...- The Great Mouse Plot (Roald Dahl's childhood memories)
In Boy: Tales of Childhood, Roald Dahl
tells us about his youth, focusing on some of his most remarkable childhood memories. A lot of irony is introduced by the first person narrator who describes these scenes with the hindsight of age.- Writing on the self (Three authors reflect autobiography, memory and fiction)
Critics and academics tend to draw a line between autobiography and fiction. However, it is sometimes difficult to make such a clear distinction between what is made up and what is not. Here are some short texts written by authors who reflect on their use of the first person.