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08 December 2017 - Trump Recognizes Jerusalem as Capital of Israel

Defiant Donald Trump confirms US will recognise Jerusalem as capital of Israel
(The Guardian, 07/12/2017)

Donald Trump has defied overwhelming global opposition by recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, but insisted that the highly controversial move would not derail his own administration’s bid to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In a short speech delivered at the White House, Trump directed the state department to start making arrangements to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem – a process that officials say will take at least three years.

“I have determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.”

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Political Decision
 
For Trump, an Embassy in Jerusalem Is a Political Decision, Not a Diplomatic One
Mark Landler (The New York Times, 06/12/2017)
 
Ten days before Donald J. Trump took office, Sheldon G. Adelson went to Trump Tower for a private meeting. Afterward, Mr. Adelson, the casino billionaire and Republican donor, called an old friend, Morton A. Klein, to report that Mr. Trump told him that moving the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem would be a major priority.

“He was very excited, as was I,” said Mr. Klein, the president of the Zionist Organization of America, a hard-line pro-Israel group. “This is something that’s in his heart and soul.”

The two men had to wait nearly a year, but on Wednesday, Mr. Trump stood beneath a portrait of George Washington to announce that he was formally recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and setting in motion a plan to move the embassy to the fiercely contested Holy City.


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Palestine

Palestinians Reject Trump's Jerusalem Declaration
Bernard Avishai (The New Yorker, 06/12/2017)
 
On Wednesday, Donald Trump insisted that his declaration that the United States recognizes Jerusalem as Israel’s capital was “nothing more or less than the recognition of reality,” given that Israel has made West Jerusalem the seat of its government since 1949. Downplaying warnings that the move might provoke widespread protests from Palestinians, Trump promised that “the specific boundaries of Israeli sovereignty” in Jerusalem “are subject to final status negotiations between the parties.” Hedged with these qualifications, the declaration is merely symbolic, much like George W. Bush’s letter to Ariel Sharon in April, 2004, which asserted how “unrealistic” it was to expect from Israel “a full return” to the 1967 borders. (Those borders were precisely what the Bush Administration defaulted to when, with Sharon gone, negotiations became serious in 2008.)

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Supporting Two-State Nation

Did Trump Kill Off a Two-State Solution? He Says No, Palestinians Say Yes
Mark Landler, David M. Halbfinger and Isabel Kershner (The New York Times, 07/12/2017)
 
President Trump, in formally recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel on Wednesday, declared that the United States still supported a two-state solution to settle the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians, provided it was “agreed to by both sides.”

For the first time in his 26 years as a peacemaker, the chief negotiator for the Palestinians did not agree.

Saeb Erekat, the secretary general of the Palestine Liberation Organization and a steadfast advocate for a Palestinian state, said in an interview on Thursday that Mr. Trump and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel “have managed to destroy that hope.” He embraced a radical shift in the P.L.O.’s goals — to a single state, but with Palestinians enjoying the same civil rights as Israelis, including the vote.

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Last update December 8, 2017
Créé le December 8, 2017
ISSN 2107-7029
DGESCO Clé des Langues