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Sustainable development - Développement durable

     Les 24, 25 et 26 septembre 2010 se tenait à Lyon le Forum Libération dont le thème était cette année la planète durable. Dans le cadre d'un partenariat entre l'ENS, Libération et la ville de Lyon, La Clé des langues a le plaisir de publier une partie des interventions de ce forum. Nous vous invitons à découvrir sur cette page le point de vue éclairé de trois hommes politiques britanniques sur des questions liées au développement durable.
     Nous vous proposons également d'écouter les interviews de Lord Peter Melchett, Peter Ainsworth et Jonathan Porritt qui ont tous trois répondu aux questions de La Clé des langues.

Lord Peter Melchett on GMOs

Lord Peter Melchett was a whip in James Callaghan's Labour Party and later became minister of state for Northern Ireland. He was appointed Executive Director of Greenpeace UK in 1989 and he has been Policy Director at the Soil Association since 2002. He was invited by Libération to deal with the issue of GMOs and to defend his views on existing alternatives to GM crops.

A GM free meal?

"GM crops were, at their root, an attempt to continue a trend in agriculture which had been going on for at least fifty years at that time. This was a trend in agriculture which moved us to bigger and bigger farms, and fewer farmers. This is true in North America, in Western Europe, in Latin America, and now increasingly in other parts of the world. That meant less jobs in rural areas, less diversity of crops and livestock, less farm wild life. In my country it meant between 95% and 98% decline in farmland wild life for example. It also means less nutrients in the food we eat..."
Read the transcript of his speech at the Forum

An interview with Lord Peter Melchett

"Well, the interesting thing about the so-called adoption of GMOs is that they haven't been consciously adopted. The one country which is always cited as evidence of the public loving GM is America. But an overwhelming majority up to 90% of American citizens want their food labeled GM or non-GM. Most don't realize they're eating GM food and a majority wouldn't eat GM if they were given the choice..."
Watch the interview

Peter Ainsworth on degrowth

Peter Ainsworth, a former MP and shadow minister of environment, came to Lyon in September 2010 to take part in a debate on the question of degrowth. He expressed his views on the need to promote sustainable energy without asking democracies, companies and individuals to forsake economic growth.

Degrowth : a credible alternative?

"The plain truth is that human beings are acquisitive, we always have been. It's fair bet that when we originally crawled out of a cave in prehistory, we went looking for stuff to accumulate. Another pelt, a better home, a sharper weapon: stuff, it's what people like. There is only one place for that stuff to come from: the natural world. This didn't matter all that much when there were only a few acquisitive humans around and when, for most, the natural world was their immediate environment. But since the industrial revolution, we've moved on from being merely acquisitive to being rapacious..."
Read a transcript of his speech at the Forum

An interview with Peter Ainsworth

"What worries me about the degrowth agenda is that it isn't in the end realistic and politically deliverable. It is as simple as that. There is no point in spending energy and time and effort for things that aren't deliverable. We've got to get a broad approach to this, using technology, using common sense, understanding that nature's resources are not limitless in the way that we've treated them in the last two hundred years, since industrialisation. When you get all of that and you make progress on a broad front, the idea of décroissance as a single solution strikes me as a distraction and indeed a mirage..."
Watch the interview

Jonathon Porritt on sustainable economy

Jonathon Porritt was a prominent member of the Ecology Party in the 70's and 80's. He later became Tony Blair's chief environmental adviser and was chair of the Sustainable Development Commission until September 2009. He was invited by Libération to take part in a debate on sustainable economy with Yannick Jadot.

What is a sustainable economy?

"The transition of our economies to a near-zero carbon state would require 500 billion dollars of new investment over the course of the next 20 to 30 years. So you shouldn't be too surprised that many big companies are very excited about this because investments of that kind generate huge amounts of economic growth. Personally I think that we all have to be excited at the idea of taking green tech and the green economy seriously. There are huge benefits involved in it and it is particularly important for developing and emerging economies..."
Read a transcript of his speech at the Forum

An interview with Jonathon Porritt

"You can't protect ecosystems, species, the whole array of natural resources on which we depend - ecosystem services as we call them now - you can't protect them unless you find a way of making it possible for the countries that have got those sources of natural wealth to create wealth for their populations without destroying those assets..."
Watch the interview

Pour citer ces ressources :

Lord Peter Melchett / Peter Ainsworth / Jonathon Porritt. 11/2010. "Sustainable development - Développement durable".
La Clé des Langues (Lyon: ENS LYON/DGESCO). ISSN 2107-7029. Mis à jour le 26 avril 2017.
Consulté le 14 décembre 2017.
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Mise à jour le 26 avril 2017
Créé le 12 novembre 2010
ISSN 2107-7029
DGESCO Clé des Langues